Comparison of early socialization practices used for litters of small-scale registered dog breeders and nonregistered dog breeders

Korbelik, Juraj, Rand, Jacquie S. and Morton, John M. (2011) Comparison of early socialization practices used for litters of small-scale registered dog breeders and nonregistered dog breeders. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 239 8: 1090-1097. doi:10.2460/javma.239.8.1090


Author Korbelik, Juraj
Rand, Jacquie S.
Morton, John M.
Title Comparison of early socialization practices used for litters of small-scale registered dog breeders and nonregistered dog breeders
Journal name Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0003-1488
1943-569X
Publication date 2011-10-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2460/javma.239.8.1090
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 239
Issue 8
Start page 1090
End page 1097
Total pages 8
Place of publication Schaumburg, IL, United States
Publisher American Veterinary Medical Association
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective—To compare early socialization practices between litters of breeders registered  with the Canine Control Council (CCC) and litters of nonregistered breeders advertising puppies for sale in a local newspaper.

Design—Retrospective cohort study. Animals—80 litters of purebred and mixed-breed dogs from registered (n = 40) and nonregistered (40) breeders.

Procedures—Registered breeders were randomly selected from the CCC website, and  nonregistered breeders were randomly selected from a weekly advertising newspaper. The  litter sold most recently by each breeder was then enrolled in the study. Information pertaining to socialization practices for each litter was obtained through a questionnaire administered over the telephone.

Results—Registered breeders generally had more breeding bitches and had more litters  than did nonregistered breeders. Litters of registered breeders were more likely to have  been socialized with adult dogs, people of different appearances, and various environmental stimuli, compared with litters of nonregistered breeders. Litters from registered breeders were also much less likely to have been the result of an unplanned pregnancy.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Among those breeders represented, litters of registered breeders received more socialization experience, compared with litters of nonregistered  breeders. People purchasing puppies from nonregistered breeders should focus on socializing their puppies between the time of purchase and 14 weeks of age. Additional research is  required to determine whether puppies from nonregistered breeders are at increased risk of  behavioral problems and are therefore more likely to be relinquished to animal shelters or euthanized, relative to puppies from registered breeders. 
Keyword Animal Shelter
Behavior Problems
Canine
Risk
Pet
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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