Management of heart conditions in older rural and urban Australian women

Jordan, S., Wilson, A. and Dobson, A. (2011) Management of heart conditions in older rural and urban Australian women. Internal Medicine Journal, 41 10: 722-729. doi:10.1111/j.1445-5994.2011.02536.x

Author Jordan, S.
Wilson, A.
Dobson, A.
Title Management of heart conditions in older rural and urban Australian women
Journal name Internal Medicine Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1444-0903
Publication date 2011-10-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1445-5994.2011.02536.x
Volume 41
Issue 10
Start page 722
End page 729
Total pages 8
Place of publication Richmond, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Cardiovascular disease death rates are higher among Australians from regional and remote areas than those from major cities.

Aims: To investigate the causes of excess mortality from heart disease in rural compared to urban Australian women aged over 75 years.

Methods: In 2004, 944 older urban and rural participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health aged 77–83 years with self-reported ischaemic heart disease (IHD), heart failure or atrial fibrillation took part in a nested cross-sectional substudy. We used clinical guidelines to determine key management issues for these conditions. Using logistic regression we calculated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) to assess the relationship between management and area of residence.

Results: These older Australian women often did not receive recommended management for their heart conditions. Only 30% reported having had an echocardiogram. Reported use of statins and beta-blockers was low among women with IHD (58% and 41% respectively) and only 32% of women reporting heart failure were taking angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Women from regional/remote areas had greater odds of reporting never having seen a cardiologist (OR = 3.88, 95% CI 1.72–8.72) and never having had an echocardiogram than women from major cities (OR = 2.86, 95% CI 1.42–5.75). Medication use was similar for rural and urban women.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that best-practice treatments for heart conditions are suboptimally provided to older women. In addition, they suggest differential use of some health services, which might help explain higher cardiovascular mortality among rural compared with urban women.
Keyword Cardiovascular disease
Rural health
Women's health
Health service
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 12 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 15 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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