High temperature materials for CO2 capture

Singh, Ranjeet, Reddy, M. K. Ram, Wilson, Simon, Joshi, Kaustubh, Diniz da Costa, Joao C. and Webbley, Paul (2009). High temperature materials for CO2 capture. In: John Gale, Howard Herzog and Jay Braitsch, Greenhouse gas control technologies 9: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-9). 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-9), Washington, DC, United States, (623-630). 16–20 November 2008. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2009.01.082

Author Singh, Ranjeet
Reddy, M. K. Ram
Wilson, Simon
Joshi, Kaustubh
Diniz da Costa, Joao C.
Webbley, Paul
Title of paper High temperature materials for CO2 capture
Formatted title
High temperature materials for CO2 capture
Conference name 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-9)
Conference location Washington, DC, United States
Conference dates 16–20 November 2008
Proceedings title Greenhouse gas control technologies 9: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-9)   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Energy Procedia   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Publication Year 2009
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.1016/j.egypro.2009.01.082
Open Access Status
ISSN 1876-6102
Editor John Gale
Howard Herzog
Jay Braitsch
Volume 1
Issue 1
Start page 623
End page 630
Total pages 8
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
The potential benefits of precombustion carbon dioxide capture are well documented, and adsorption remains a promising separation process in this area. This paper details work to identify and assess the potential of high temperature adsorbents suitable for precombustion capture.

The aim of this paper is to schematically identify adsorbents that are suitable for carbon capture in different temperature ranges. A critical aspect of this work is to assess the materials not only in terms of carbon dioxide isotherms and absolute loading, but to consider the wide range of other properties that are required to achieve an industrially feasible adsorbent - selectivity, cycling capacity, stability, kinetics, high pressure loading, fate of other components (including water, H2S, NH3, CO and N2). It is only when all these requirements are sufficiently met, that an adsorbent can be consider worthy of industrial consideration. A range of analytic screening tests are described to enable a full characterisation of the merit of a specific adsorbent.

The adsorbents investigated are zeolites (NaX, calcium chabazite), commercially available hydrotalcite, layered double hydroxides/oxides (LDH/Os), and magnesium double salts. Each operates in a different temperature range and offers potential for integration within an Integrated Gasification and Combined Cycle precombustion process train.

Some of the promising and significant conclusions of this work are -
• Magnesium double salts present very favourable carbon dioxide isotherms and demonstrate significant carbon dioxide loading and the isotherms are suitable for PSA or TSA operation at high temperature.
• LDHs or their derivatives as layered double oxides can adsorb up to 1.5mol/kg CO2. Water does not affect CO2 sorption, and the material has good recyclability in TSA.
• The selectivity of hydrotalcite is well documented. However there is no reported literature on the adsorptive behaviour of these materials with respect to trace components - H2S and NH3. These results are reported.
• Calcium chabazite displays useful CO2 loading potential in a unique temperature range around 200 C.
• NaX has the potential to replace Selexol at an operating temperate of 130 C
Keyword IGCC
High temperature adsorbents
CO2 capture
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
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Created: Sat, 22 Oct 2011, 02:16:10 EST by Joe Diniz Da Costa on behalf of School of Chemical Engineering