Effectiveness of modified pushover analysis procedure for the estimation of seismic demands of buildings subjected to near-fault earthquakes having forward directivity

Mortezaei, A., Ronagh, H. R., Kheyroddin, A. and Ghodrati Amiri, G. (2011) Effectiveness of modified pushover analysis procedure for the estimation of seismic demands of buildings subjected to near-fault earthquakes having forward directivity. The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 20 6: 679-699. doi:10.1002/tal.553

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Author Mortezaei, A.
Ronagh, H. R.
Kheyroddin, A.
Ghodrati Amiri, G.
Title Effectiveness of modified pushover analysis procedure for the estimation of seismic demands of buildings subjected to near-fault earthquakes having forward directivity
Journal name The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1541-7794
1541-7808
Publication date 2011-10-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/tal.553
Open Access Status
Volume 20
Issue 6
Start page 679
End page 699
Total pages 21
Place of publication Bognor Regis, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Language eng
Abstract Near-fault ground motions with long-period pulses have been identified as being critical in the design of structures. These motions, which have caused severe damage in recent disastrous earthquakes, are characterized by a short-duration impulsive motion that transmits large amounts of energy into the structures at the beginning of the earthquake. In nearly all of the past near-fault earthquakes, significant higher mode contributions have been evident, resulting in the migration of dynamic demands (i.e., drifts) from the lower to the upper stories. Due to this, the static nonlinear pushover analysis (PA) (which utilizes a load pattern proportional to the shape of the fundamental mode of vibration) may not produce accurate results when used in the analysis of structures subjected to near-fault ground motions. The objective of this paper was to improve the accuracy of the pushover method in these situations by introducing a new load pattern into the common pushover procedure. Several PAs are performed for six existing reinforced concrete buildings that possess a variety of natural periods. Then, a comparison is made between the PA results (with four new load patterns) and those of FEMA-356 with reference to nonlinear dynamic time-history analyses. The comparison shows that, generally, the proposed pushover method yields better results than all FEMA-356 PA procedures for all investigated response quantities, and is a closer match to the nonlinear time-history responses. In general, the method is able to reproduce the essential response features providing a reasonable measure of the likely contribution of higher modes in all phases of the response.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 21 OCT 2009

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
Official 2012 Collection
 
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Created: Thu, 20 Oct 2011, 01:51:15 EST by Jeannette Watson on behalf of School of Civil Engineering