Older drivers’ insight into their hazard perception ability

Horswill, Mark S., Anstey, Kaarin J., Hatherly, Christopher, Wood, Joanne M. and Pachana, Nancy A. (2011) Older drivers’ insight into their hazard perception ability. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43 6: 2121-2127. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2011.05.035


Author Horswill, Mark S.
Anstey, Kaarin J.
Hatherly, Christopher
Wood, Joanne M.
Pachana, Nancy A.
Title Older drivers’ insight into their hazard perception ability
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
1879-2057
Publication date 2011-11-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2011.05.035
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 43
Issue 6
Start page 2121
End page 2127
Total pages 7
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 3307 Human Factors and Ergonomics
2213 Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
3308 Law
Abstract Even though the driving ability of older adults may decline with age, there is evidence that some individuals attempt to compensate for these declines using strategies such as restricting their driving exposure. Such compensatory mechanisms rely on drivers’ ability to evaluate their own driving performance. This paper focuses on one key aspect of driver ability that is associated with crash risk and has been found to decline with age: hazard perception. Three hundred and seven drivers, aged 65–96, completed a validated video-based hazard perception test. There was no significant relationship between hazard perception test response latencies and drivers’ ratings of their hazard perception test performance, suggesting that their ability to assess their own test performance was poor. Also, age-related declines in hazard perception latency were not reflected in drivers’ self-ratings. Nonetheless, ratings of test performance were associated with self-reported regulation of driving, as was self-rated driving ability. These findings are consistent with the proposal that, whileself-assessments of driving ability may be used by drivers to determine the degree to which they restrict their driving, the problem is that drivershave little insight into their own driving ability. This may impact on the potential road safety benefits of self-restriction of driving because drivers may not have the information needed to optimally self-restrict. Strategies for addressing this problem are discussed.
Keyword Elderly
Traffic accidents
Traffic accidents
Self-assessment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 19 Oct 2011, 08:11:24 EST by Associate Professor Mark Horswill on behalf of School of Psychology