Quantifying water-energy links and related carbon emissions in cities

Kenway, S.J., Lant, P.A. and Priestley, T. (2011) Quantifying water-energy links and related carbon emissions in cities. Journal of Water and Climate Change, 2 4: 247-259. doi:10.2166/wcc.2011.005

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Author Kenway, S.J.
Lant, P.A.
Priestley, T.
Title Quantifying water-energy links and related carbon emissions in cities
Journal name Journal of Water and Climate Change   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2040-2244
Publication date 2011-12-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2166/wcc.2011.005
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 2
Issue 4
Start page 247
End page 259
Total pages 13
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher I W A Publishing
Language eng
Abstract To date, key water–energy connections have not been systematically quantified. Nor has their potential for contributing to greenhouse gas mitigation been evaluated. Lack of knowledge of these links, particularly within cities, is viewed as a major limitation to energy-sensitive urban water management and integrated urban design. This paper fills part of this void. The key contribution is a new conceptual model coupled with a systematic review of the connections of influence. Drawing on Australian and international data, the results provide a structured estimate of water-related energy use and associated emissions in a hypothetical city of 1,000,000 people. This demonstrates that water-related energy use accounts for 13% of total electricity and 18% of the natural gas used by the population in the average case. This represents 9% of the total primary energy demand within Australia or 8% of total national territorial greenhouse gas emissions. Residential, industrial and commercial water-related energy use constitutes 86% of water-related greenhouse gas emissions. We conclude that urban water is a significant and overlooked lever that could significantly influence urban energy consumption.
Keyword Energy
Future cities
Greenhouse gas
Urban metabolism
Water-sensitive city
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
Official 2012 Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 22 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 27 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 18 Oct 2011, 19:59:06 EST by Professor Paul Lant on behalf of School of Chemical Engineering