The connection between water and energy in cities: a review

Kenway, S.J., Lant, P.A., Priestley, A. and Daniels, P. (2011) The connection between water and energy in cities: a review. Water Science and Technology, 63 9: 1983-1990. doi:10.2166/wst.2011.070

Author Kenway, S.J.
Lant, P.A.
Priestley, A.
Daniels, P.
Title The connection between water and energy in cities: a review
Journal name Water Science and Technology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0273-1223
Publication date 2011-01-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.2166/wst.2011.070
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 63
Issue 9
Start page 1983
End page 1990
Total pages 8
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher I W A Publishing
Language eng
Subject 2305 Environmental Engineering
2312 Water Science and Technology
Abstract We have only rudimentary understanding of the complex and pervasive connections between water and energy in cities. As water security now threatens energy and economic security, this is a major omission. Understanding the water-energy nexus is necessary if we want to contribute to solving water and energy issues simultaneously; if we want to stop moving problems from one resource dimension to another. This is particularly relevant in the Australian context where energy use for water supplies is forecast to rapidly escalate, growing around 300% from 2007 levels, by 2030. This paper presents a literature review with an aim of characterising the research to date with a particular focus on cities, the major centres of consumption and growth. It systematically analyses a wide range of papers and summarises the diverse objectives, dimensions, and scale of the research to-date together with knowledge gaps. There are many major gaps. These include energy use associated with water in industrial and commercial operations as well as socio-political perspectives. A major gap is the lack of a unifying theoretical framework and consistent methodology for analysis. This is considered a prerequisite for quantitative trans-city comparisons.
Keyword Water energy nexus
Urban metabolism
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
Official 2012 Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 54 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 60 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 18 Oct 2011, 19:18:48 EST by Professor Paul Lant on behalf of Advanced Water Management Centre