Educating young children about asthma: comparing the effectiveness of a developmentally appropriate asthma education video tape and picture book

Holzheimer, L, Mohay, H and Masters, IB (1998). Educating young children about asthma: comparing the effectiveness of a developmentally appropriate asthma education video tape and picture book. In: Child Care Health and Development. 7th National Health Promotion Conference, Brisbane Australia, (85-99). Feb, 1995.

Author Holzheimer, L
Mohay, H
Masters, IB
Title of paper Educating young children about asthma: comparing the effectiveness of a developmentally appropriate asthma education video tape and picture book
Conference name 7th National Health Promotion Conference
Conference location Brisbane Australia
Conference dates Feb, 1995
Proceedings title Child Care Health and Development   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Child Care Health and Development   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication OXFORD
Publisher BLACKWELL SCIENCE LTD
Publication Year 1998
Year available 1998
Sub-type Fully published paper
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
ISSN 0305-1862
Volume 24
Issue 1
Start page 85
End page 99
Total pages 15
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Asthma self-management programmes have been shown to increase children's knowledge about asthma and improve their management practices and health status. However, existing programmes have rarely addressed the unique learning needs of very young children. This study aimed to develop and assess the effectiveness of a video tape and picture book designed to teach children about the prevention and management of acute episodes of asthma. The information content of the educational resources was determined by analysis of relevant medical information and asthma management skills. Social Learning Theory and consideration of the developmental stage of the target population informed the format and style of presentation of the resources. Eighty children aged between 2 and 5 years who had been diagnosed with asthma by their medical practitioner and who required daily asthma medication participated in a controlled experimental study. The study evaluated the impact of the asthma education resources on children's knowledge about asthma, compliance with medication regimens and health status. Children were randomly allocated to one of three experimental groups. Children in these groups were exposed to either the video tape alone, the book alone or both the video tape and book, or to a control group who viewed materials unrelated to asthma. The results for the three experimental groups were compared with the control group who did not receive exposure to any of the asthma education resources, The results showed that children in each experimental group had significantly greater gains in asthma-related knowledge than children in the control group and children exposed to both resources showed the greatest increases In knowledge. Children In each of the three experimental groups also had better compliance rand health than children in the control group, These findings indicate that carefully designed asthma education resources are useful for providing even the youngest children with information about asthma and its management.
Keyword asthma education
asthma management
childhood asthma
compliance
health knowledge
health status
Self-Management Skills
Childhood Asthma
Health-Education
Program
Knowledge
Care
Schoolchildren
Experience
Prevalence
Australia
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Conference Paper
Sub-type: Fully published paper
Collection: ResearcherID Downloads - Archived
 
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