A pilot randomised trial of induced blood-stage Plasmodium falciparum infections in healthy volunteers for testing efficacy of new antimalarial drugs

McCarthy, James S., Sekuloski, Silvana, Griffin, Paul M., Elliott, Suzanne, Douglas, Nanette, Peatey, Chris, Rockett, Rebecca, O'Rourke, Peter, Marquart, Louise, Hermsen, Cornelius, Duparc, Stephan, Moehrle, Joerg, Trenholme, Katharine R. and Humberstone, Andrew J. (2011) A pilot randomised trial of induced blood-stage Plasmodium falciparum infections in healthy volunteers for testing efficacy of new antimalarial drugs. PLoS ONE, 6 8: e21914-1-e21914-8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021914


Author McCarthy, James S.
Sekuloski, Silvana
Griffin, Paul M.
Elliott, Suzanne
Douglas, Nanette
Peatey, Chris
Rockett, Rebecca
O'Rourke, Peter
Marquart, Louise
Hermsen, Cornelius
Duparc, Stephan
Moehrle, Joerg
Trenholme, Katharine R.
Humberstone, Andrew J.
Title A pilot randomised trial of induced blood-stage Plasmodium falciparum infections in healthy volunteers for testing efficacy of new antimalarial drugs
Formatted title
A pilot randomised trial of induced blood-stage Plasmodium falciparum infections in healthy volunteers for testing efficacy of new antimalarial drugs
Journal name PLoS ONE   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2011-08-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0021914
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 6
Issue 8
Start page e21914-1
End page e21914-8
Total pages 8
Place of publication San Francisco, CA, U.S.A.
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Subject 1300 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Abstract Background: Critical to the development of new drugs for treatment of malaria is the capacity to safely evaluate their activity in human subjects. The approach that has been most commonly used is testing in subjects with natural malaria infection, a methodology that may expose symptomatic subjects to the risk of ineffective treatment. Here we describe the development and pilot testing of a system to undertake experimental infection using blood stage Plasmodium falciparum parasites (BSP). The objectives of the study were to assess the feasibility and safety of induced BSP infection as a method for assessment of efficacy of new drug candidates for the treatment of P. falciparum infection. Methods and Findings: A prospective, unblinded, Phase IIa trial was undertaken in 19 healthy, malaria-naïve, male adult volunteers who were infected with BSP and followed with careful clinical and laboratory observation, including a sensitive, quantitative malaria PCR assay. Volunteers were randomly allocated to treatment with either of two licensed antimalarial drug combinations, artemether-lumefantrine (A/L) or atovaquone-proguanil (A/P). In the first cohort (n = 6) where volunteers received ~360 BSP, none reached the target parasitemia of 1,000 before the day designated for antimalarial treatment (day 6). In the second and third cohorts, 13 volunteers received 1,800 BSP, with all reaching the target parasitemia before receiving treatment (A/L, n = 6; A/P, n = 7) The study demonstrated safety in the 19 volunteers tested, and a significant difference in the clearance kinetics of parasitemia between the drugs in the 13 evaluable subjects, with mean parasite reduction ratios of 759 for A/L and 17 for A/P (95% CI 120-4786 and 7-40 respectively; p<0.01). Conclusions: This system offers a flexible and safe approach to testing the in vivo activity of novel antimalarials. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01055002.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 04 Oct 2011, 21:25:06 EST by Matthew Lamb on behalf of School of Medicine