Physical activity profiles and perceived environmental determinants in New Zealand: A national cross-sectional study

Garrett, Nick, Schluter, Philip J. and Schofield, Grant (2012) Physical activity profiles and perceived environmental determinants in New Zealand: A national cross-sectional study. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 9 3: 367-377.

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Author Garrett, Nick
Schluter, Philip J.
Schofield, Grant
Title Physical activity profiles and perceived environmental determinants in New Zealand: A national cross-sectional study
Journal name Journal of Physical Activity & Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1543-3080
1543-5474
Publication date 2012-03-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 9
Issue 3
Start page 367
End page 377
Total pages 11
Place of publication Champaign, IL, United States
Publisher Human Kinetics
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background:
A minority of adults in developed countries engage in sufficient physical activity (PA) to achieve health benefits. This study aims to identify modifiable perceived resources and barriers to PA among New Zealand adults.

Methods:
Secondary analysis of a 2003 nationally representative cross-sectional mail survey, stratified by region, age, and ethnicity, and analysed utilising ordinal logistic regression.

Results:
Overall, n=8,038 adults responded to the survey, of whom 49% met updated guidelines for sufficient PA. Perceived accessibility of local resources was associated with PA; however for some resources there was more awareness amongst individuals whose predominant activity was not commonly associated with that resource eg health clubs and walkers. Perceived local environmental barriers demonstrated negative (steep hills, crime, dogs) and positive (unmaintained footpaths) associations. The absence of perceived environmental barriers was strongly associated with increased activity, suggesting the number of barriers may be a critical factor.

Conclusion:
Complex relationships between perceptions of local environments and activity patterns among adults were found. Although complex, these results demonstrate positive associations between awareness of resources and perceived lack of barriers with being sufficiently physically active for health. Therefore, investments in provision and/or promotion of local resources have the potential to enable active healthy communities.
Keyword Adults
Neighbourhood
Perceptions
Accessibility
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes © 2011 Human Kinetics, Inc.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 30 Sep 2011, 01:29:04 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work