Incorporating teledermatology into emergency medicine

Muir, Jim, Xu, Cathy, Paul, Sanjoy, Staib, Andrew, McNeill, Iain, Singh, Philip, Davidson, Samantha, Soyer, H. Peter and Sinnott, Michael (2011) Incorporating teledermatology into emergency medicine. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 23 5: 562-568. doi:10.1111/j.1742-6723.2011.01443.x

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Author Muir, Jim
Xu, Cathy
Paul, Sanjoy
Staib, Andrew
McNeill, Iain
Singh, Philip
Davidson, Samantha
Soyer, H. Peter
Sinnott, Michael
Title Incorporating teledermatology into emergency medicine
Journal name Emergency Medicine Australasia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1742-6731
Publication date 2011-10-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1742-6723.2011.01443.x
Volume 23
Issue 5
Start page 562
End page 568
Total pages 7
Place of publication Richmond, Vic., Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Language eng
Formatted abstract
 Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the feasibility of using a store-and-forward Skin Emergency Telemedicine Service (SETS) to provide rapid specialist diagnostic and management advice for dermatological cases in an ED.

Methods: This pilot study was conducted at the Princess Alexandra Hospital between August 2008 and August 2009. Study subjects were consenting patients over 18 years of age who presented with a dermatological condition to the ED. The ED doctor sent the patient's history, examination findings and the digital images of the skin conditions to a secure email address, which automatically forwarded this to the teledermatologist. The teledermatologist reviewed the cases and sent advice on diagnosis and management to the referring ED doctor via email and/or telephone. Face-to-face follow-up consultations with the patients were conducted within 2 weeks. The diagnostic and management concordance between ED doctors, teledermatologists and reviewing dermatologists were analysed.

Results: A total of 60 patients participated in the present study. SETS provided a rapid response with 56 (93%) of ED consultations receiving a dermatology opinion within 2 h. Face-to-face follow up occurred in 50 patients (83%). Statistical analysis showed significant levels of agreement between tele-diagnosis and ED diagnosis of 71.2% (Kappa 0.42) and tele-diagnosis and final clinical diagnosis of 98% (Kappa: 0.93). The clinical management concordance was 96% in complete agreement and 4% in relative agreement between the teledermatologists and reviewing dermatologists, based on chart review.

Conclusion: The present study has shown that SETS can provide rapid and accurate diagnostic and treatment advice from a specialist for dermatological presentations to the ED.
Keyword Dermatology
Emergency medicine
Skin emergency
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes First published online: 29 June 2011

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 15 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 15 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 28 Sep 2011, 20:21:44 EST by Matthew Lamb on behalf of School of Medicine