Paying research participants: A study of current practices in Australia

Fry, C. L., Ritter, A., Baldwin, S., Bowen, K. J., Gardiner, P., Holt, T., Jenkinson, R. and Johnston, J. (2005) Paying research participants: A study of current practices in Australia. Journal of Medical Ethics, 31 9: 542-547. doi:10.1136/jme.2004.009290

Author Fry, C. L.
Ritter, A.
Baldwin, S.
Bowen, K. J.
Gardiner, P.
Holt, T.
Jenkinson, R.
Johnston, J.
Title Paying research participants: A study of current practices in Australia
Journal name Journal of Medical Ethics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-6800
Publication date 2005-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1136/jme.2004.009290
Volume 31
Issue 9
Start page 542
End page 547
Total pages 6
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BMJ Group
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To examine current research payment practices and to inform development of clearer guidelines for researchers and ethics committees.
Design: Exploratory email based questionnaire study of current research participant reimbursement practices. A diverse sample of organisations and individuals were targeted.
Setting: Australia.
Participants: Contacts in 84 key research organisations and select electronic listservers across Australia. A total of 100 completed questionnaires were received with representations from a variety of research areas (for example, market, alcohol and drug, medical, pharmaceutical and social research).
Main measurements: Open-ended and fixed alternative questions about type of research agency; type of research; type of population under study; whether payment is standard; amounts and mechanisms of payment; factors taken into account when deciding on payment practices; and whether payment policies exist.
Results: Reimbursement practice is highly variable. Where it occurs (most commonly for drug dependent rather than health professional or general population samples) it is largely monetary and is for time and out-of-pocket expenses. Ethics committees were reported to be often involved in decision making around reimbursement.
Conclusions: Research subject payment practices vary in Australia. Researchers who do provide payments to research participants generally do so without written policy and procedures. Ethics committees have an important role in developing guidelines in this area. Specific guidelines are needed considering existing local policies and procedures; payment models and their application in diverse settings; case study examples of types and levels of reimbursement; applied definitions of incentive and inducement; and the rationale for diverse payment practices in different settings
Keyword Drug users
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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