EEA1, an early endosome-associated protein: EEA1 is a conserved α-helical peripheral membrane-protein flanked by cysteine fingers and contains a calmodulin-binding IQ motif

Mu, Fi-Tjen, Callaghan, Judy M., Steelemortimer, Olivia, Stenmark, Harald, Parton, Robert G., Campbell, Paul L., McCluskey, James, Yeo, Jing-Ping, Tock, Edward P. C. and Toh, Ban-Hock (1995) EEA1, an early endosome-associated protein: EEA1 is a conserved α-helical peripheral membrane-protein flanked by cysteine fingers and contains a calmodulin-binding IQ motif. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 270 22: 13503-13511. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.22.13503

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Author Mu, Fi-Tjen
Callaghan, Judy M.
Steelemortimer, Olivia
Stenmark, Harald
Parton, Robert G.
Campbell, Paul L.
McCluskey, James
Yeo, Jing-Ping
Tock, Edward P. C.
Toh, Ban-Hock
Title EEA1, an early endosome-associated protein: EEA1 is a conserved α-helical peripheral membrane-protein flanked by cysteine fingers and contains a calmodulin-binding IQ motif
Journal name Journal of Biological Chemistry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0021-9258
1083-351X
Publication date 1995-06-01
Year available 1995
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1074/jbc.270.22.13503
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 270
Issue 22
Start page 13503
End page 13511
Total pages 9
Place of publication Bethesda, MD, United States
Publisher American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Language eng
Abstract Early endosomes are cellular compartments receiving endocytosed material and sorting them for vesicular transport to late endosomes and lysosomes or for recycling to the plasma membrane. We have cloned a human cDNA encoding an evolutionarily conserved 180-kDa protein on early endosomes named EEA1 (Early Endosome Antigen1). EEA1 is associated with early endosomes since it co-localizes by immunofluorescence with the transferrin receptor and with Rab5 but not with Rab7. Immunoelectron microscopy shows that it is associated with tubulovesicular early endosomes containing internalized bovine serum albumin-gold. EEA1 is a hydrophilic peripheral membrane protein present in cytosol and membrane fractions. It partitions in the aqueous phase after Triton X-114 solubilization and is extracted from membranes by 0.3 M NaCl. It is a predominantly cu-helical protein sharing 17-20% sequence identity with the myosins and contains a calmodulin-binding IQ motif. It is flanked by metal-binding, cysteine ''finger'' motifs. The COOH-terminal fingers, Cys-X(2)-Cys-X(12)-Cys-X(2)-Cys and Cys-X(2)-Cys-X(16)-Cys-X(2)-Cys, are present within a region that is strikingly homologous with Saccharomyces cerevisiae FAB1 protein required for endocytosis and with Caenarhabditis elegans ZK632. These fingers also show limited conservation with S. cerevisiae VAC1, Vps11, and Vps18p proteins implicated in vacuolar transport. We propose that EEA1 is required for vesicular transport of proteins through early endosomes and that its finger motifs are required for this activity.
Formatted abstract
Early endosomes are cellular compartments receiving endocytosed material and sorting them for vesicular transport to late endosomes and lysosomes or for recycling to the plasma membrane. We have cloned a human cDNA encoding an evolutionarily conserved 180-kDa protein on early endosomes named EEA1 (Early Endosome Antigen1). EEA1 is associated with early endosomes since it co-localizes by immunofluorescence with the transferrin receptor and with Rab5 but not with Rab7. Immunoelectron microscopy shows that it is associated with tubulovesicular early endosomes containing internalized bovine serum albumin-gold. EEA1 is a hydrophilic peripheral membrane protein present in cytosol and membrane fractions. It partitions in the aqueous phase after Triton X-114 solubilization and is extracted from membranes by 0.3 M NaCl. It is a predominantly α-helical protein sharing 17-20% sequence identity with the myosins and contains a calmodulin-binding IQ motif. It is flanked by metal-binding, cysteine “finger” motifs. The COOH-terminal fingers, Cys-X2-Cys-X12-Cys-X2-Cys and Cys-X2-Cys-X12-Cys-X2-Cys, are present within a region that is strikingly homologous with Saccharomyces cerevisiae FAB1 protein required for endocytosis and with Caenorhabditis elegans ZK632. These fingers also show limited conservation with S. cerevisiae VAC1, Vps11, and Vps18p proteins implicated in vacuolar transport. We propose that EEA1 is required for vesicular transport of proteins through early endosomes and that its finger motifs are required for this activity.
Keyword Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Institute for Molecular Bioscience - Publications
 
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