Threatening processes and conservation management of endemic freshwater fish in the Mediterranean basin: A review

Hermoso, Virgilio and Clavero, Miguel (2011) Threatening processes and conservation management of endemic freshwater fish in the Mediterranean basin: A review. Marine and Freshwater Research, 62 3: 244-254. doi:10.1071/MF09300


Author Hermoso, Virgilio
Clavero, Miguel
Title Threatening processes and conservation management of endemic freshwater fish in the Mediterranean basin: A review
Journal name Marine and Freshwater Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0067-1940
1323-1650
1448-6059
Publication date 2011-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/MF09300
Volume 62
Issue 3
Start page 244
End page 254
Total pages 11
Place of publication Collingwood, VIC, Australia
Publisher CSIRO Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Mediterranean endemic freshwater fish are among the most threatened biota in the world. The Mediterranean basin has experienced substantial reductions in precipitation and water availability, which will worsen with climate change. Current water policy is directed to increase water-supply demands, especially for agriculture, and not to improve water-use efficiency and implement integrated and sustainable water management. Illegal extractions are common, exacerbating problems for important protected areas. Management is needed to mitigate the conflicts between environmental water and human demand, and ensure availability of water to maintain ecological processes and Mediterranean freshwater biodiversity. Water availability is not the only threat, although it is exacerbated by pollution and invasive species. The uneven spatial distribution of threats across the Mediterranean basin requires different strategies to conserve freshwater biodiversity. Implementation of multi-national laws (e.g. Water Framework Directive in the European Union) will help future management of freshwater ecosystems. Management actions must be planned at whole-catchment scales, with collaboration among different countries and water-management authorities. The current reserve area is small compared with other areas in the world and driven by terrestrial interests, and should be evaluated for its effectiveness to protect the Mediterranean freshwater biodiversity.
Keyword Climate change
Drought
Environmental flows
Invasive species
Pollution
Water framework directive
Guadiana river-basin
Iberian Peninsula
Protected areas
Climate-change
Biodiversity conservation
Selection methods.
Stream-flow
Assemblages
Ecosystems
Habitat
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Special Issue: "Conservation Management of Rivers and Wetlands under Climate Change".

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Ecology Centre Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 47 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 06 Sep 2011, 21:49:24 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of CRC for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management