Success or failure of primary second/foreign language programmes in Asia: What do the data tell us?

Baldauf Jr., Richard B., Kaplan, Robert B., Kamwangamalu, Nkonko and Bryant, Pauline (2011) Success or failure of primary second/foreign language programmes in Asia: What do the data tell us?. Current Issues in Language Planning, 12 2: 309-323. doi:10.1080/14664208.2011.609715

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Author Baldauf Jr., Richard B.
Kaplan, Robert B.
Kamwangamalu, Nkonko
Bryant, Pauline
Title Success or failure of primary second/foreign language programmes in Asia: What do the data tell us?
Journal name Current Issues in Language Planning   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1466-4208
Publication date 2011-08-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/14664208.2011.609715
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 12
Issue 2
Start page 309
End page 323
Total pages 15
Place of publication Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon, U.K.
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Primary school second/foreign language (SL/FL) programmes in Asia, as well as in other parts of the world, are becoming more common, with many targeting English as the SL or FL. The pressures for such English language programmes come from top-down notions that in a globalised world English is required for societies to be competitive, especially with Asian neighbours, and bottom-up pressures from parents who see English as the key to educational success for their children. In many polities, these forces have resulted in support for policies that introduce early primary school English teaching curricula for all students and have led to parents spending large sums of money on private tutoring or out-of-school tuition. This study reviews the results of nine language planning studies from the Asian region that set out to examine questions such as ‘Is this trend towards early primary SL or FL education (mainly English) realistic or is it unattainable and a waste of resources? Do children really benefit from these programmes? What needs to be done to foster learners' success?’ These issues are viewed from a language planning and policy perspective through an examination of the language-in-education policy types required for the development of successful programmes. The policies of a number of Asian countries are used as case studies to illustrate this issue.
Keyword Language planning
Primary school
English as a foreign language
Language teaching
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
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Created: Wed, 24 Aug 2011, 20:27:38 EST by Claire Backhouse on behalf of School of Education