Qi-gong mind-body therapy and diabetes control: A randomized controlled trial

Liu, Xin, Miller, Yvette D., Burton, Nicola W., Chang, Jiun-Horng and Brown, Wendy J. (2011) Qi-gong mind-body therapy and diabetes control: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41 2: 152-158. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.04.007


Author Liu, Xin
Miller, Yvette D.
Burton, Nicola W.
Chang, Jiun-Horng
Brown, Wendy J.
Title Qi-gong mind-body therapy and diabetes control: A randomized controlled trial
Journal name American Journal of Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0749-3797
1873-2607
Publication date 2011-08-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.04.007
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 41
Issue 2
Start page 152
End page 158
Total pages 7
Place of publication New York, NY, U.S.A.
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract Background: Previous studies have shown that qi-gong, a form of mind-body movement therapy, may be beneficial for people with type 2 diabetes; however, no controlled studies have been conducted to examine the predictors and mediators of qi-gong effects on indicators of diabetes control. This study examined the effects of qi-gong on diabetes control and identified the predictors and mediators of these effects.
Formatted abstract
Background: Previous studies have shown that qi-gong, a form of mind–body movement therapy, may be beneficial for people with type 2 diabetes; however, no controlled studies have been conducted to examine the predictors and mediators of qi-gong effects on indicators of diabetes control. This study examined the effects of qi-gong on diabetes control and identified the predictors and mediators of these effects.

Design: RCT.

Setting/participants
: The study included forty-one participants (16 men and 25 women; aged 41–71 years) with elevated blood glucose levels.

Interventions: Participants were randomized to qi-gong intervention or a usual medical care control group. Physical and hematologic measures were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks.

Main outcome measures: The outcomes were indicators of diabetes control (HbA1c, insulin resistance, fasting blood glucose and insulin, and 2-hour blood glucose and insulin) and potential mediators of these (body weight, waist circumference, and leg strength). Data were collected in 2006 and analyzed in 2007 to 2009.

Results: Linear regression analyses showed significant between-group differences in favor of the intervention group in weight (p<0.01); waist circumference (p<0.01); leg strength (p<0.01); HbA1c (p<0.05); insulin resistance (p<0.01); and fasting blood insulin (p<0.01) at 12 weeks. Logistic regression analyses showed that the qi-gong intervention was a significant predictor of reduced weight (odds for decreasing by –2 kg=11.14, p<0.01); waist circumference (by –5 cm=22.50, p<0.01); insulin resistance (by –0.2 unit=3.75, p<0.05); and improved leg strength (odds for increasing by 4 stands in 30 seconds=7.00, p<0.01). The effect of the qi-gong intervention on improved insulin resistance was mediated by reduced weight.

Conclusions: The qi-gong intervention was associated with improvements in weight, waist circumference, leg strength, and insulin resistance. The mediation analyses highlight the importance of weight reduction in the control of diabetes.

Trial registration #: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12607000528459.
Keyword Impaired glucose-tolerance
Life-style intervention
Improves glycemic control
Tai Chi
Exercise
Qigong
Resistance
Benefits
Mellitus
Program
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID 301200
G 08B 4034
G 08B 4034
252977
Institutional Status UQ

 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 12 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 14 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sun, 21 Aug 2011, 11:57:06 EST by System User on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences