The Development and Validation of the Contextualised Assessment Tool for Risk and Protection Management (CAT-RPM)

Julie Bower (2011). The Development and Validation of the Contextualised Assessment Tool for Risk and Protection Management (CAT-RPM) PhD Thesis, School of Education, The University of Queensland.

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Author Julie Bower
Thesis Title The Development and Validation of the Contextualised Assessment Tool for Risk and Protection Management (CAT-RPM)
School, Centre or Institute School of Education
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2011-05
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Total pages 229
Total colour pages 44
Total black and white pages 185
Subjects 13 Education
Abstract/Summary Research is well established to indicate that high risk factors across multiple domains such as school, family, peers, and community can predict antisocial behaviour (Arthur, Hawkins, Pollard, Catalano, & Baglioni, 2002; Carroll, Houghton, Wood, Perkins, & Bower, 2007). Further, identifying and strengthening protective factors can lead to a reduction in at-risk behaviour and a promotion of positive youth development (Whitlock & Hamilton, 2003). Many tools currently used in behaviour management, assess risk or diagnose problems rather than find out about the participants and their potential for personal growth. Prevention research supports interventions that aim to reduce risk factors and strengthen protective factors within communities (Glaser, Van Horn, Arthur, Hawkins, & Catalano, 2005; Pollard, Hawkins, & Arthur, 1999). This thesis presents the development and validation of a tool titled the Contextualised Assessment Tool for Risk and Protection Management (CAT-RPM). The CAT-RPM was grounded in research and scientifically validated over four separate studies. In Study One, the items for the tool were developed after examining 103 interviews with young people aged 12 to 18 years, in high school and detention centre settings in Queensland, Australia. Participants were interviewed using a semi-structured interview to ascertain experiences of risk and protection within the self, at home, at school, with peers, in the community, and in relation to significant life events. In combination with an extensive review of the literature, thematic data analysis was used to code answers, identify common themes, and create the items for the CAT-RPM. In Study Two, the CAT-RPM was refined through a pilot study and consultation with experts. The number of items was reduced from 258 items to 66 items, wording was reworked to improve readability, and an online format was created. In Study Three, the psychometric properties of the CAT-RPM were established. Using a maximum likelihood factor analysis, six strong factors emerged which are highly correlated and have good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha for all factors was approaching or > 0.8). Multivariate tests established significant differences with an interaction effect for Sex by Age [F(30, 1930) = 1.60, p = .022, η2 = .02]. Subsequent univariate F tests confirmed that Involvement in Risky Activities F(5, 487), = 3.329, p < .007 was the major contributing factor in the significant interaction. In addition to the interaction effect, there were significant main effects for Age on the dependent variable of Involvement in Risky Activities, F(5, 487), = 11.83, p < .001, and Sex, for the dependent variables of Involvement in Risky Activities, F(1, 487), = 21.33, p = .000 and Self-Awareness, F(1, 487), = 11.01, p = .001. In the fourth study, the application of the CAT-RPM and its reporting system was explored. The CAT-RPM was shown to be robust, not only in comparing groups, but also providing a balanced evaluation of risk and protection across contexts for individuals. This thesis makes an important contribution to the balanced assessment of risk and protection in at-risk youth populations. The sound research base, coupled with a deductive approach to assessing risk and protection adds a positive dimension to traditional risk assessment tools. Capturing the young person’s perspective of risk and protection provides a unique, strong foundation for the development of the CAT-RPM and for future research using this tool to promote the strengths of all young people.
Keyword adolescents
positive youth development
protective factors
risk factors
Additional Notes 14, 15, 19, 24, 38, 46, 63, 64, 75, 77, 78, 97, 111, 113, 126, 127, 129, 131, 133, 143, 166, 167, 169-176, 180, 185-190, 200-205

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Created: Thu, 14 Jul 2011, 16:07:31 EST by Mrs Julie Bower on behalf of Library - Information Access Service