Ultrastructure of sperm and spermatogenesis of Lobatostoma manteri (trematoda, aspidogastrea)

Rohde, K., Watson, N. A. and Cribb, T. (1991) Ultrastructure of sperm and spermatogenesis of Lobatostoma manteri (trematoda, aspidogastrea). International Journal for Parasitology, 21 4: 409-419. doi:10.1016/0020-7519(91)90098-R


Author Rohde, K.
Watson, N. A.
Cribb, T.
Title Ultrastructure of sperm and spermatogenesis of Lobatostoma manteri (trematoda, aspidogastrea)
Formatted title
Ultrastructure of sperm and spermatogenesis of Lobatostoma manteri (trematoda, aspidogastrea)
Journal name International Journal for Parasitology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0020-7519
1879-0135
Publication date 1991-07-01
Year available 1991
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0020-7519(91)90098-R
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 21
Issue 4
Start page 409
End page 419
Total pages 11
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract Mature sperm has two axonemes of the 9 + '1' pattern incorporated in the sperm body, a row of peripheral microtubules interrupted along part of the sperm by the axonemes, some microtubules in the interior of the sperm and a long lateral extension (lobe) of the sperm body, an elongate nucleus and mitochondrion, and many dense rod-like structures. A supporting rod extends underneath a specialized region consisting of alternating thin and thick transverse rows of irregular dense patches, and with surface ridges around (all or) most of the surface of the sperm. Primary spermatocytes in the prophase of the first meiotic division have synaptonemal complex(es), and are rich in mitochondria. In early spermiogenesis, mitochondria are arranged around the surface of the nucleus, a dense layer appears at one pole of the nucleus, close to an apposed dense layer at the cell membrane in which a row of microtubules develops. The intercentriolar (= central) body develops close to the nucleus. The fully developed intercentriolar body has a regular striation and is located perpendicular and close to the surface of the nucleus. Two flagella extend into the space surrounding the outgoing median process, their basal bodies are located perpendicular to the intercentriolar body and their cross-striated rootlets extend along the surface of the rounded nucleus. At a later stage, rootlets and flagella become more parallel with the intercentriolar body, the nucleus and the fused mitochondria migrate into the median process, and the flagella become incorporated into the median process (= sperm body). The outgrowing spermatozoa are connected to the cytoplasm of the cytophore by dense arching membranes. Finally, rootlets of flagella are resorbed and the spermatozoa are pinched off close to the basal bodies. Two species (Lobatostoma and Multicotyle) of the same family differ strongly in the type of spermiogenesis, although their mature sperm is of the same basic type, i.e. spermiogenesis is not necessarily more useful for phylogenetic considerations than sperm structure.
Formatted abstract
Mature sperm has two axonemes of the 9 + ‘1’ pattern incorporated in the sperm body, a row of peripheral microtubules interrupted along part of the sperm by the axonemes, some microtubules in the interior of the sperm and a long lateral extension (lobe) of the sperm body, an elongate nucleus and mitochondrion, and many dense rod-like structures. A supporting rod extends underneath a specialized region consisting of alternating thin and thick transverse rows of irregular dense patches, and with surface ridges around (all or) most of the surface of the sperm. Primary spermatocytes in the prophase of the first meiotic division have synaptonemal complex(es), and are rich in mitochondria. In early spermiogenesis, mitochondria are arranged around the surface of the nucleus, a dense layer appears at one pole of the nucleus, close to an apposed dense layer at the cell membrane in which a row of microtubules develops. The intercentriolar (= central) body develops close to the nucleus. The fully developed intercentriolar body has a regular striation and is located perpendicular and close to the surface of the nucleus. Two flagella extend into the space surrounding the outgoing median process, their basal bodies are located perpendicular to the intercentriolar body and their cross-striated rootlets extend along the surface of the rounded nucleus. At a later stage, rootlets and flagella become more parallel with the intercentriolar body, the nucleus and the fused mitochondria migrate into the median process, and the flagella become incorporated into the median process (= sperm body). The outgrowing spermatozoa are connected to the cytoplasm of the cytophore by dense arching membranes. Finally, rootlets of flagella are resorbed and the spermatozoa are pinched off close to the basal bodies. Two species (Lobatostoma and Multicotyle) of the same family differ strongly in the type of spermiogenesis, although their mature sperm is of the same basic type, i.e. spermiogenesis is not necessarily more useful for phylogenetic considerations than sperm structure.
Keyword Lobatostoma-manteri
Trematoda
Aspidogastrea
Ultrastructure
Sperm
Spermatogenesis
Phylogeny
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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