Trauma in early childhood: A neglected population

De Young, Alexandra, Kenardy, Justin A. and Cobham, Vanessa (2011) Trauma in early childhood: A neglected population. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14 3: 231-250. doi:10.1007/s10567-011-0094-3

Author De Young, Alexandra
Kenardy, Justin A.
Cobham, Vanessa
Title Trauma in early childhood: A neglected population
Journal name Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1096-4037
Publication date 2011-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10567-011-0094-3
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 14
Issue 3
Start page 231
End page 250
Total pages 20
Place of publication United States
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Language eng
Subject 2735 Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
3304 Education
3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology
3203 Clinical Psychology
2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
Abstract Infants, toddlers and preschoolers are a high risk group for exposure to trauma. Young children are also vulnerable to experiencing adverse outcomes as they are undergoing a rapid developmental period, have limited coping skills and are strongly dependent on their primary caregiver to protect them physically and emotionally. However, although millions of young children experience trauma each year, this population has been largely neglected. Fortunately, over the last 2 decades there has been a growing appreciation of the magnitude of the problem with a small but expanding number of dedicated researchers and clinicians working with this population. This review examines the empirical literature on trauma in young children with regards to the following factors: (1) how trauma reactions typically manifest in young children; (2) history and diagnostic validity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in preschoolers; (3) prevalence, comorbidity and course of trauma reactions; (4) developmental considerations; (5) risk and protective factors; and (6) treatment. The review highlights that there are unique developmental differences in the rate and manifestation of trauma symptomatology, the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., DSM-IV-TR) PTSD criteria is not developmentally sensitive and the impact of trauma must be considered within the context of the parent-child relationship. Recommendations for future research with this population are also discussed. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Keyword Infant, toddler and preschooler
Parent-child relationship
Posttraumatic stress
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
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Created: Thu, 23 Jun 2011, 21:54:27 EST by Chesne McGrath on behalf of Medicine - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital