Varicella zoster in hospital personnel: Skin test reactivity to monitor susceptibility

Steele, R. W., Coleman, M. A., Fiser, M. and Bradsher, R. W. (1982) Varicella zoster in hospital personnel: Skin test reactivity to monitor susceptibility. Pediatrics, 70 4: 604-608.

Author Steele, R. W.
Coleman, M. A.
Fiser, M.
Bradsher, R. W.
Title Varicella zoster in hospital personnel: Skin test reactivity to monitor susceptibility
Journal name Pediatrics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0031-4005
1098-4275
Publication date 1982-10-01
Year available 1982
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 70
Issue 4
Start page 604
End page 608
Total pages 5
Place of publication Elk Grove Village, IL, United States
Publisher American Academy of Pediatrics
Language eng
Abstract An outbreak of chickenpox, involving three patients and one nurse on a pediatric ward, necessitated rapid identification of susceptible employees in conjunction with standard epidemiologic intervention in order to prevent spread to other high-risk patients. Of 46 hospital personnel 15 (33%) gave a negative or unknown history of prior disease. Response to a varicella-zoster skin test was compared with antibody determination as measured by fluorescent antibody to membrane antigen. Correlation of these two screening methods was absolute. Of 46 hospital personnel four (9%) were susceptible to infection (negative skin test and antibody < 1:4) requiring their removal from the ward. All those with positive histories for prior disease with the virus and 11/15 (73%) with negative or unknown histories were immune as indicated by both tests. A readily available varicella zoster skin test would be an extremely useful epidemiologic tool for screening hospital personnel.
Keyword Pediatrics
Pediatrics
PEDIATRICS
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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