Intra-household income inequality and poverty in a small developing economy

Kumar, Sunil and Mahadevan, Renuka (2011) Intra-household income inequality and poverty in a small developing economy. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 16 2: 143-162. doi:10.1080/13547860.2011.564747

Author Kumar, Sunil
Mahadevan, Renuka
Title Intra-household income inequality and poverty in a small developing economy
Journal name Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1354-7860
Publication date 2011-05-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/13547860.2011.564747
Volume 16
Issue 2
Start page 143
End page 162
Total pages 20
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Abstract Ignoring consumption inequality between individuals within a household is shown to not only underestimate the Gini coefficient and poverty measures but these vary considerably over different income groups even in a small island state like Fiji. Interestingly, the Kuznets curve for intra-household inequality is absent and to our knowledge the paper provides the first attempt in determining the factors that influence intra-household inequality. It was found that variation in the age of family members only affected inequality in low-expenditure groups while total assets affected inequality in the mid-level-expenditure group. Age variations arise due to the existence of intergenerational family structure among the poorer households and strong affinity towards asset accumulation among the middle class could have harmful effects on the development of children and the welfare of the weaker members within such families. These intra-family distributional problems can be addressed through targeted redistributive policies to provide additional resources and enhance family cohesion. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
Keyword Adult equivalence index
Intra-household income inequality and poverty
Kuznets curve
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
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Created: Wed, 18 May 2011, 23:26:38 EST by Alys Hohnen on behalf of School of Economics