A meta-analytic review of emotion recognition and aging: Implications for neuropsychological models of aging

Ruffman, Ted, Henry, Julie D., Livingstone, Vicki and Phillips, Louise H. (2008) A meta-analytic review of emotion recognition and aging: Implications for neuropsychological models of aging. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 32 4: 863-881. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2008.01.001


Author Ruffman, Ted
Henry, Julie D.
Livingstone, Vicki
Phillips, Louise H.
Title A meta-analytic review of emotion recognition and aging: Implications for neuropsychological models of aging
Journal name Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0149-7634
1873-7528
Publication date 2008-01-01
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2008.01.001
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 32
Issue 4
Start page 863
End page 881
Total pages 19
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This meta-analysis of 28 data sets (N=705 older adults, N=962 younger adults) examined age differences in emotion recognition across four modalities: faces, voices, bodies/contexts, and matching of faces to voices. The results indicate that older adults have increased difficulty recognising at least some of the basic emotions (anger, sadness, fear, disgust, surprise, happiness) in each modality, with some emotions (anger and sadness) and some modalities (face–voice matching) creating particular difficulties. The predominant pattern across all emotions and modalities was of age-related decline with the exception that there was a trend for older adults to be better than young adults at recognising disgusted facial expressions. These age-related changes are examined in the context of three theoretical perspectives—positivity effects, general cognitive decline, and more specific neuropsychological change in the social brain. We argue that the pattern of age-related change observed is most consistent with a neuropsychological model of adult aging stemming from changes in frontal and temporal volume, and/or changes in neurotransmitters.
Keyword Emotion recognition
Aging
Neuropsychology
Amygdala
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: ERA 2012 Admin Only
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 20 Apr 2011, 01:53:19 EST by Lucy O'Brien on behalf of School of Psychology