Normative data for the HADS from a large non-clinical sample

Crawford, J. R., Henry, J. D., Crombie, C. and Taylor, E. P. (2001) Normative data for the HADS from a large non-clinical sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40 4: 429-434. doi:10.1348/014466501163904

Author Crawford, J. R.
Henry, J. D.
Crombie, C.
Taylor, E. P.
Title Normative data for the HADS from a large non-clinical sample
Journal name British Journal of Clinical Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0144-6657
Publication date 2001-11-01
Year available 2001
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1348/014466501163904
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 40
Issue 4
Start page 429
End page 434
Total pages 6
Place of publication Leicester, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley and Sons
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective. To provide normative data for the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS).

Design. Repeated measures and correlational.

Methods. The HADS was administered to a non-clinical sample, broadly representative of the general adult UK population (N = 1792) in terms of the distributions of age, gender and occupational status. Correlational analysis was used to determine the influence of demographic variables on HADS scores.

Results. Demographic variables had only very modest influences on HADS scores. The reliability of the HADS is acceptable; the Anxiety and Depression scales are moderately correlated (.53). Tables to convert raw scores to percentiles are presented for females and males.

Conclusions. The present normative data allow clinicians to assess the rarity of a given HADS score, and thus provide a useful supplement to existing cut-off scores.

© 2001 The British Psychological Society

Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Published in print November, 2001. Not available online until 24th December, 2010. Published under: Brief Report

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 443 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 470 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 18 Apr 2011, 20:44:03 EST by Lucy O'Brien on behalf of School of Psychology