Alexithymia in alcohol dependent patients is partially mediated by alcohol expectancy

Thorberg, Fred Arne, Young, Ross McD., Sullivan, Karen A., Lyvers, Michael, Hurst, Cameron P., Connor, Jason P. and Feeney, Gerald F. X. (2011) Alexithymia in alcohol dependent patients is partially mediated by alcohol expectancy. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 116 1-3: 238-241. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.11.015


Author Thorberg, Fred Arne
Young, Ross McD.
Sullivan, Karen A.
Lyvers, Michael
Hurst, Cameron P.
Connor, Jason P.
Feeney, Gerald F. X.
Title Alexithymia in alcohol dependent patients is partially mediated by alcohol expectancy
Journal name Drug and Alcohol Dependence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0376-8716
1879-0046
Publication date 2011-07-01
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.11.015
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 116
Issue 1-3
Start page 238
End page 241
Total pages 4
Place of publication Shannon, Co. Clare, Ireland
Publisher Elsevier Ireland
Language eng
Subject 3005 Toxicology
3004 Pharmacology
2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
2736 Pharmacology (medical)
Abstract Background: Up to fifty percent of alcohol dependent individuals have alexithymia, a personality trait characterised by difficulties identifying and describing feelings, a lack of imagination and an externalised cognitive style. Although studies have examined alexithymia in relation to alcohol dependence, no research exists on mechanisms underlying this relationship. The present study examined the mediational effect of alcohol expectancies on alexithymia and alcohol dependence. Methods: 230 outpatients completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Drinking Expectancy Questionnaire (DEQ) and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT). Results: Regression analysis showed that alexithymia and alcohol dependence was, in two of three cases, partially mediated through alcohol expectancy. Conclusions: Alcohol expectancies of assertion and affective change show promise as mediators of alcohol dependence in individuals with alexithymia.
Formatted abstract
Background: Up to fifty percent of alcohol dependent individuals have alexithymia, a personality trait characterised by difficulties identifying and describing feelings, a lack of imagination and an externalised cognitive style. Although studies have examined alexithymia in relation to alcohol dependence, no research exists on mechanisms underlying this relationship. The present study examined the mediational effect of alcohol expectancies on alexithymia and alcohol dependence.
Methods: 230 outpatients completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Drinking Expectancy Questionnaire (DEQ) and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT).
Results: Regression analysis showed that alexithymia and alcohol dependence was, in two of three cases, partially mediated through alcohol expectancy.
Conclusions: Alcohol expectancies of assertion and affective change show promise as mediators of alcohol dependence in individuals with alexithymia.
© 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Keyword Alexithymia
Alcohol expectancies
Alcohol dependence
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article in Press. Available online 24 December 2010. Published under Short Communications.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences -- Publications
Official 2011 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 30 Mar 2011, 21:51:49 EST by Sheila Cleary on behalf of Centre for Youth Substance Abuse