Migrating, staying or moving-on: Migration dynamics in the Chyulu Hills, Kenya

Muriuki, Grace W., Jacobson, Chris, McAlpine, Clive, Seabrook, Leonie, Price, Bronwyn and Baxter, Greg (2011) Migrating, staying or moving-on: Migration dynamics in the Chyulu Hills, Kenya. Population, Space and Place, 17 5: 391-406. doi:10.1002/psp.619


Author Muriuki, Grace W.
Jacobson, Chris
McAlpine, Clive
Seabrook, Leonie
Price, Bronwyn
Baxter, Greg
Title Migrating, staying or moving-on: Migration dynamics in the Chyulu Hills, Kenya
Journal name Population, Space and Place   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1544-8452
Publication date 2011-09-01
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/psp.619
Volume 17
Issue 5
Start page 391
End page 406
Total pages 16
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Language eng
Abstract Migration is a major household survival option for both the rich and the poor in many developing countries. In rural Kenya, access to land for the poor is fundamental to their survival, with lack of access often resulting in migration. The Chyulu Hills settlements are in a remote region bordering two protected areas, the Tsavo and the Chyulu Hills National Parks. They have a complex history of squatter occupation and secondary migrations, which often end in violent evictions and land expropriation to settle more squatters. We provide an analysis of migration dynamics by identifying patterns, trends, and drivers of population mobility over the past 30 years. We collected data at both household and village level, and used binary logistic models to reveal the proximate and exogenous causes of secondary squatter migration. We used geographical information systems to generate a data set of village access and to map immigrant origins and patterns of village establishment. Migration to the Chyulu Hills is widespread, and secondary migrations are common. Policy factors such as land tenure, issuance of free land, and provision of schools were the strongest factors in changing the odds of migration. Although landlessness in the Chyulu Hills seems widespread, this study revealed that policy was stronger and consistently more influential in determining whether complete households re-migrated or stayed. This may override or emphasise the role of some classic migration drivers.
Keyword Squatters
Secondary migration
Rural
Logistic models
Kenya
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 1 June 2010.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2012 Collection
 
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Created: Wed, 23 Mar 2011, 20:00:42 EST by Sarah Borsellino on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management