Alterations to the fibrinolytic enzyme system in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma

Pavey, S. J., Hawson, G. A. T. and Marsh, N. A. (1999) Alterations to the fibrinolytic enzyme system in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma. Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis, 10 5: 261-267. doi:10.1097/00001721-199907000-00007

Author Pavey, S. J.
Hawson, G. A. T.
Marsh, N. A.
Title Alterations to the fibrinolytic enzyme system in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma
Journal name Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0957-5235
Publication date 1999-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1097/00001721-199907000-00007
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 10
Issue 5
Start page 261
End page 267
Total pages 7
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Abstract Although fibrinolysis has been implicated in the progression and metastasis of lung cancer, no detailed study has been carried out on components measured in samples from both plasma and tumour. This study thus provides the first comprehensive data obtained from 166 patients diagnosed with non-small cell lung carcinoma. Plasma samples were obtained at diagnosis and tumour samples during surgical resection. Appropriate control samples were obtained from normal subjects and patients with chronic obstructive airways disease (plasma) and from organ donors (normal lung tissue). Assays were performed on plasma and tissue extracts for tissue plasminogen activator, urokinase-like activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor (activity and antigen in all cases), together with plasmin-antiplasmin complex, soluble fibrin, D-dimer and thrombin-antithrombin complex. Levels of D-dimer, thrombin-antithrombin complex and plasmin-antiplasmin complex were all significantly higher in plasma from patients, whereas urokinase-like activator activity was reduced. Only two parameters were significantly altered in both the core and periphery of tumour tissue: levels of D-dimer were increased and tissue-type plasminogen activator activity was reduced. Interestingly, significant differences in levels of other fibrinolytic parameters were detected in the core and periphery of tumours. Significant activation of fibrinolysis was indicated in patients, although the origin of this could not be related consistently to changes in levels of plasminogen activator and inhibitor.
Keyword Fibrinolysis
Plasminogen activators
Plasminogen activator inhibitors
Nonsmall cell lung cancer
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: UQ Diamantina Institute Publications
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Created: Tue, 15 Mar 2011, 17:46:03 EST