Prevention of late ventricular dilatation after acute myocardial infarction by successful thrombolytic reperfusion

Lavie, Carl J., O'Keefe, James H., Chesebro, James H., Clements, Ian P. and Gibbons, Raymond J. (1990) Prevention of late ventricular dilatation after acute myocardial infarction by successful thrombolytic reperfusion. American Journal of Cardiology, 66 1: 31-36. doi:10.1016/0002-9149(90)90731-F


Author Lavie, Carl J.
O'Keefe, James H.
Chesebro, James H.
Clements, Ian P.
Gibbons, Raymond J.
Title Prevention of late ventricular dilatation after acute myocardial infarction by successful thrombolytic reperfusion
Journal name American Journal of Cardiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0002-9149
1879-1913
Publication date 1990-07-01
Year available 1990
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0002-9149(90)90731-F
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 66
Issue 1
Start page 31
End page 36
Total pages 6
Place of publication Bridgewater, NJ, United States
Publisher Excerpta Medica
Language eng
Abstract To examine the sequential changes in left ventricular volume after thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction, gated radionuclide ventriculography was performed within 12 hours of thrombolysis and at 1 and 6 weeks in 34 consecutive patients who received intravenous thrombolytic therapy in the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Trial. Angiographic confirmation of immediate reperfusion (mean 5.6 hours after onset of symptoms) that persisted at 24 hours was noted in 24 patients; 10 patients were not reperfused. A small (9.5%), but significant (p = 0.05), increase in end-diastolic volume index was noted in the reperfused group between 1 and 6 weeks; however, a marked degree of dilatation (35%) was noted in the nonreperfused group (p = 0.01). The change in left ventricular volume between 1 and 6 weeks differed in the 2 groups for both end-diastolic volume index and end-systolic volume index (p = 0.01 and p = 0.02, respectively). By 6 weeks, both end-diastolic volume index and end-systolic volume index were greater in the nonreperfused group (p < 0.05). Between the acute and 6-week studies, definite increases in end-diastolic volume index (p < 0.05) and end-systolic volume index (p < 0.01) occurred commonly in the nonreperfused group but rarely in the reperfused group. Compared to the nonreperfused group, the reperfused group also had significantly higher ejection fractions at both 1 and 6 weeks (p < 0.05). The change in end-diastolic volume index between 1 and 6 weeks correlated significantly and inversely with the ejection fraction at 1 week (r = -0.60, p < 0.001). These results indicate that ventricular dilatation occurs between 1 and 6 weeks after myocardial infarction, is proportional to systolic dysfunction and may be largely prevented by successful thrombolytic reperfusion.
Keyword Ventricular volume
Thrombolytic therapy
Myocardial infarction
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 14 Mar 2011, 19:32:00 EST