Load carriage: Minimising soldier injuries through physical conditioning - A narrative review

Orr, Robin M., Pope, Rodney, Johnston, Venerina and Coyle, Julia (2010) Load carriage: Minimising soldier injuries through physical conditioning - A narrative review. Journal of Military and Veterans' Health, 18 3: 31-38.

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Author Orr, Robin M.
Pope, Rodney
Johnston, Venerina
Coyle, Julia
Title Load carriage: Minimising soldier injuries through physical conditioning - A narrative review
Journal name Journal of Military and Veterans' Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1835-1271
Publication date 2010-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 18
Issue 3
Start page 31
End page 38
Total pages 8
Place of publication Australian Military Medicine Association
Publisher Hobart, Tas., Australia
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: With soldiers carrying increasing loads, physical conditioning may provide one means of reducing injuries and increasing the ability to train, maintain and retain soldiers. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to review the current literature on physical conditioning for load carriage and present the findings in a manner that will allow physical conditioning practitioners a means of applying them in a conditioning program.
Methods: Using key search terms, a literature search of academic databases (both civilian and military) was conducted, with additional relevant literature sought from military and civilian colleagues. Gathered papers were assessed against several key criteria and limited to those relating specifically to physical conditioning and military load carriage. These papers were reviewed to glean key findings in the light of information from additional sources that were employed to contextualise the findings.
Results: The search results yielded seven original research papers, one conference paper and four secondary source papers (military reports, journal articles).
Conclusions: Research suggests that, while other forms of conditioning may be of a supplemental benefit, an effective load carriage conditioning program will include specific load carriage training conducted between two and four times per month. Loads must be sufficient to elicit a physiological response proportionate to that recommended for cardiovascular and metabolic fitness development, with the duration and distance gradually progressed to levels that meet training and operational needs. While higher intensity training may be of particular value, excessive training volume may increase the risk of both acute and overuse injury risks.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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Created: Fri, 11 Mar 2011, 21:40:33 EST by Ms Kym Reinhardt on behalf of School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences