The effect of having a partner on activities of daily living in men and women aged 82-87 years

Pachana, Nancy A., McLaughlin, Deirdre, Leung, Janni, McKenzie, Samantha J. and Dobson, Annette (2011) The effect of having a partner on activities of daily living in men and women aged 82-87 years. Maturitas, 68 3: 286-290. doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2010.11.009


Author Pachana, Nancy A.
McLaughlin, Deirdre
Leung, Janni
McKenzie, Samantha J.
Dobson, Annette
Title The effect of having a partner on activities of daily living in men and women aged 82-87 years
Journal name Maturitas   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-5122
1873-4111
1381-2858
Publication date 2011-03-01
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.maturitas.2010.11.009
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 68
Issue 3
Start page 286
End page 290
Total pages 5
Editor Margaret Rees
Place of publication Shannon, Co. Clare, Ireland
Publisher Elsevier Ireland
Language eng
Abstract Background: Physical functioning is an important determinant of mortality and morbidity in older adults and there may be differences by gender and marital status. This study compared disability, measured by the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), between older men and women who are either partnered or not partnered.
Formatted abstract
Background: Physical functioning is an important determinant of mortality and morbidity in older adults and there may be differences by gender and marital status. This study compared disability, measured by the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), between older men and women who are either partnered or not partnered.

Methods: Participants included 5497 women and 1072 men aged 82–87 years from cross sectional surveys conducted in 2008 (the Health in Men Study and the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health). Ordinal logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between disability and gender by marital status, adjusting for self-reported chronic conditions.

Results: Women reported a higher prevalence of most chronic conditions than men. Unpartnered men had significantly higher odds of reporting difficulty in dressing the lower body and doing heavy housework, and significantly lower odds of reporting difficulty managing money and preparing meals than partnered men. Unpartnered and partnered women had significantly lower odds of reporting difficulty in dressing the lower body, walking inside the house, using the toilet, preparing meals, taking medications, using the telephone and performing leisure activities than partnered men. However, unpartnered and partnered women had significantly higher odds of reporting difficulty with eating, shopping, and doing light or heavy housework than did partnered men.

Conclusions: Differences between partnered and unpartnered older men and women in difficulty with ADLs and IADLs were identified, with women reporting less difficulty overall, regardless of partner status.
© 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword ADLs
Activities of daily living
IADLs
Instrumental activities of daily living
Gender
Marital status
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID 409953
279408
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 8 December 2010.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 09 Mar 2011, 22:58:33 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Psychology