Exercise training-induced changes in respiratory muscles

Powers, S. K., Coombes, J. and Demirel, H. (1997) Exercise training-induced changes in respiratory muscles. Sports Medicine, 24 2: 120-131. doi:10.2165/00007256-199724020-00004

Author Powers, S. K.
Coombes, J.
Demirel, H.
Title Exercise training-induced changes in respiratory muscles
Journal name Sports Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0112-1642
Publication date 1997-08-01
Year available 1997
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.2165/00007256-199724020-00004
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 24
Issue 2
Start page 120
End page 131
Total pages 12
Place of publication Auckland, New Zealand
Publisher Adis International
Language eng
Abstract Interest in the adaptive strategies of respiratory muscles in response to exercise training has grown in recent years. Animal studies have clearly demonstrated that regular endurance exercise training results in small but significant increases in oxidative and antioxidant enzyme activities in both inspiratory and expiratory muscles. Further, exercise training has been shown to promote a shift in the fast myosin heavy chain isoforms (e.g. from type IIb to IId) within the costal diaphragm of endurance-trained rodents. Human studies using numerous respiratory muscle training programmes have shown that respiratory muscle training results in an increased work capacity of the ventilatory musculature. However, the issue of whatever respiratory muscle training improves whole body endurance capacity remains controversial. Although some authors have reported that ventilatory muscle training results in improved whole body exercise, many investigators argue that respiratory muscle performance does not limit high intensity exercise tolerance or influence maximum oxygen table uptake (VO2max). The explanation for the divergent findings is unclear but may be due to variance in the exercise tasks used to evaluate exercise endurance. This is an interesting area for future research.
Keyword Sport Sciences
Sport Sciences
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Wed, 09 Mar 2011, 18:54:10 EST