Master equation description of the multiphoton decomposition of ethyl acetate

Eberhardt, J.E., Knott, R.B., Pryor, A.W. and Gilbert, Robert G. (1982) Master equation description of the multiphoton decomposition of ethyl acetate. Chemical Physics, 69 1-2: 45-59. doi:10.1016/0301-0104(82)88131-7

Author Eberhardt, J.E.
Knott, R.B.
Pryor, A.W.
Gilbert, Robert G.
Title Master equation description of the multiphoton decomposition of ethyl acetate
Journal name Chemical Physics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0301-0104
Publication date 1982-07-01
Year available 1982
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0301-0104(82)88131-7
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 69
Issue 1-2
Start page 45
End page 59
Total pages 15
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In experimental observations of the multiphoton decomposition of ethyl acetate by a CO2 laser at 1045.0 cm-1 fluences up to 4 J cm-2 were employed to dissociate 2 Pa of ethyl acetate in up to 600 Pa of N2, He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, ethylene and acetone bath gases. The fraction dissociated was measured in a closed cell, either by rate of removal of reactant, monitored by a probe laser and spectrophone, or by rate of pressure rise, monitored by a capacitance manometer. Total absorption and transient absorption changes were also measured in separate experiments. Data were analysed by finite difference solution of the energy-grained master equation, incorporating collisional effects and changes in transitional temperature. The convergence of the solutions was checked with decrease in the size of the energy grain. Microscopic reaction rates were described by an RRKM formulation with parameters from thermal experiments. Radiation absorption was described by an energy-dependent cross section with one free parameter chosen to match independent data. The collisional energy transfer function was an exponential form with the mean down transfer energy <ΔE> as a parameter. Dissociation versus pressure and fluence was fitted by one value of <ΔE> for each bath gas: N2-820, He-550, Ne-700, Ar-930, Kr-905, Xe-920, C2H4-3000, CO(CH3)2-5000 cm-1. The technique appears to be a reliable means of obtaining energy transfer data at low temperatures. In addition to the experiments with reactant diluted in bath gas, the decomposition of undiluted reactant was also observed, at pressures in the range 1 to 800 Pa; here, reaction was terminated by collisions of irradiated molecules with molecules outside the beam; an approximate theory which appears to confirm the hypotheses is presented.
Keyword Chemistry, Physical
Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 36 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 08 Mar 2011, 01:41:19 EST