Caregivers of adults with acquired brain injury: The emotional impact of transition from hospital to home

Turner, B, Fleming, J, Parry, J, Vromans, M, Cornwell, P, Gordon, C and Ownsworth, T (2010) Caregivers of adults with acquired brain injury: The emotional impact of transition from hospital to home. Brain Impairment, 11 3: 281-292. doi:10.1375/brim.11.3.281

Author Turner, B
Fleming, J
Parry, J
Vromans, M
Cornwell, P
Gordon, C
Ownsworth, T
Title Caregivers of adults with acquired brain injury: The emotional impact of transition from hospital to home
Journal name Brain Impairment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1443-9646
Publication date 2010-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1375/brim.11.3.281
Volume 11
Issue 3
Start page 281
End page 292
Total pages 12
Place of publication Bowen Hills, QLD, Australia
Publisher Australian Academic Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Primary Objective:
To explore levels of depression, anxiety, stress and strain symptomatology experienced by caregivers of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) during the phase of transition from hospital to home.

Research Design:
Prospective study with data collected at three time-points: pre-discharge, 1-month post-discharge, and 3-months post-discharge. Methods and Procedures: Twenty-nine caregivers of adults with TBI (mean age 48 years), recruited on patient discharge from rehabilitation, completed the Caregiver Strain Index and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale at the three time points.

Paired t tests showed significantly lower levels of caregiver strain at one month compared to pre-discharge, and significantly less strain and depression symptoms at 3-month follow-up compared to pre-discharge. Non-significant reductions were observed in level of stress and anxiety across the follow-up time points. Independent group t tests found that female caregivers experienced greater strain than male caregivers at 3 months post-discharge, and caregivers who were immediate family members of the patient experienced greater anxiety than those who were spouses/partners of the patient at 1-month follow-up.

The rate of depressive symptoms in caregivers of people with TBI was greater than the general population, and strain was prevalent during the transition period. The results suggest more specific caregiver support and preparation is needed before patient discharge from hospital, and that adequate time spent in rehabilitation is beneficial for caregiver wellbeing.
Copyright © Australian Academic Press 2011 All Rights Reserved.
Keyword Rehabilitation
Brain injury
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 16 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 03 Mar 2011, 00:42:28 EST by Dr Jennifer Fleming on behalf of School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences