The race to learn: Spike timing and STDP can coordinate learning and recall in CA3

Nolan, Christopher R., Wyeth, Gordon, Milford, Michael and Wiles, Janet (2011) The race to learn: Spike timing and STDP can coordinate learning and recall in CA3. Hippocampus, 21 6: 647-660. doi:10.1002/hipo.20777

Author Nolan, Christopher R.
Wyeth, Gordon
Milford, Michael
Wiles, Janet
Title The race to learn: Spike timing and STDP can coordinate learning and recall in CA3
Journal name Hippocampus   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1050-9631
Publication date 2011-06-01
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/hipo.20777
Volume 21
Issue 6
Start page 647
End page 660
Total pages 14
Editor Howard B. Eichenbaum
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, U.S.A.
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Language eng
Subject 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Formatted abstract
The CA3 region of the hippocampus has long been proposed as an autoassociative network performing pattern completion on known inputs. The dentate gyrus (DG) region is often proposed as a network performing the complementary function of pattern separation. Neural models of pattern completion and separation generally designate explicit learning phases to encode new information and assume an ideal fixed threshold at which to stop learning new patterns and begin recalling known patterns. Memory systems are significantly more complex in practice, with the degree of memory recall depending on context-specific goals. Here, we present our spike-timing separation and completion (STSC) model of the entorhinal cortex (EC), DG, and CA3 network, ascribing to each region a role similar to that in existing models but adding a temporal dimension by using a spiking neural network. Simulation results demonstrate that (a) spike-timing dependent plasticity in the EC-CA3 synapses provides a pattern completion ability without recurrent CA3 connections, (b) the race between activation of CA3 cells via EC-CA3 synapses and activation of the same cells via DG-CA3 synapses distinguishes novel from known inputs, and (c) modulation of the EC-CA3 synapses adjusts the learned versus test input similarity required to evoke a direct CA3 response prior to any DG activity, thereby adjusting the pattern completion threshold. These mechanisms suggest that spike timing can arbitrate between learning and recall based on the novelty of each individual input, ensuring control of the learn-recall decision resides in the same subsystem as the learned memories themselves. The proposed modulatory signal does not override this decision but biases the system toward either learning or recall. The model provides an explanation for empirical observations that a reduction in novelty produces a corresponding reduction in the latency of responses in CA3 and CA1.
© 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Keyword Spike timing
Pattern separation
Pattern completion
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 15 MAR 2010

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 9 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 12 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 23 Feb 2011, 23:45:42 EST by Mrs Barbara Whittaker on behalf of School of Information Technol and Elec Engineering