Factors associated with physical activity in Australians with hip or knee osteoarthritis

Heesch, Kristiann C., Ng, Norman and Brown, Wendy J. (2011) Factors associated with physical activity in Australians with hip or knee osteoarthritis. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 8 3: 340-351.

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Author Heesch, Kristiann C.
Ng, Norman
Brown, Wendy J.
Title Factors associated with physical activity in Australians with hip or knee osteoarthritis
Journal name Journal of Physical Activity and Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1543-3080
Publication date 2011-03-01
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 8
Issue 3
Start page 340
End page 351
Total pages 12
Place of publication Champaign, IL, U.S.A.
Publisher Human Kinetics Publishers
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Physical activity (PA) is recommended for managing osteoarthritis (OA). However, few people with OA are physically active. Understanding the factors associated with PA is necessary to increase PA in this population. This cross-sectional study examined factors associated with leisure-time PA, stretching exercises, and strengthening exercises in people with OA.

For a mail survey, 485 individuals, aged 68.0 y (SD=10.6) with hip or knee OA, were asked about factors that may influence PA participation, including use of non-PA OA management strategies and both psychological and physical health-related factors. Associations between factors and each PA outcome were examined in multivariable logistic regression models.

Non-PA management strategies were the main factors associated with the outcomes. Information/education courses, heat/cold treatments, and paracetamol were associated with stretching and strengthening exercises (P<0.05). Hydrotherapy and magnet therapy were associated with leisure-time PA; using orthotics and massage therapy, with stretching exercises; and occupational therapy, with strengthening exercises (P<0.05). Few psychological or health15 related factors were associated with the outcomes.


Some management strategies may make it easier for people with OA to be physically active, and could be promoted to encourage PA. Providers of strategies are potential avenues for recruiting people with OA into PA programs.
Keyword Determinants
Arthritis self-management
Psychological factors
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes article accepted 8 October, 2009.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Fri, 21 Jan 2011, 02:36:52 EST by Deborah Noon on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences