Associations between psychological distress, workplace accidents, workplace failures and workplace successes

Hilton, MF and Whiteford, HA (2010) Associations between psychological distress, workplace accidents, workplace failures and workplace successes. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 83 8: 923-933. doi:10.1007/s00420-010-0555-x


Author Hilton, MF
Whiteford, HA
Title Associations between psychological distress, workplace accidents, workplace failures and workplace successes
Journal name International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0340-0131
1432-1246
1431-5777
Publication date 2010-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00420-010-0555-x
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 83
Issue 8
Start page 923
End page 933
Total pages 11
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Abstract This study investigates associations between psychological distress and workplace accidents, workplace failures and workplace successes.
Formatted abstract
Purpose: This study investigates associations between psychological distress and workplace accidents, workplace failures and workplace successes.
Methods: The Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ) was distributed to employees of 58 large employers. A total of 60,556 full-time employees were eligible for analysis. The HPQ probed whether the respondent had, in the past 30-days, a workplace accident, success or failure ("yes" or "no"). Psychological distress was quantified using the Kessler 6 (K6) scale and categorised into low, moderate and high psychological distress. Three binomial logistic regressions were performed with the dependent variables being workplace accident, success or failure. Covariates in the models were K6 category, gender, age, marital status, education level, job category, physical health and employment sector.
Results: Accounting for all other variables, moderate and high psychological distress significantly (P < 0.0001) increased the odds ratio (OR) for a workplace accident to 1.4 for both levels of distress. Moderate and high psychological distress significantly (P < 0.0001) increased the OR (OR = 2.3 and 2.6, respectively) for a workplace failure and significantly (P < 0.0001) decreased the OR for a workplace success (OR = 0.8 and 0.7, respectively).
Conclusions: Moderate and high psychological distress increase the OR's for workplace accidents work failures and decrease the OR of workplace successes at similar levels. As the prevalence of moderate psychological distress is approximately double that of high psychological distress moderate distress consequentially has a greater workplace impact. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Keyword Occupational accidents
Psychological stress
Mental health
Task performance and analysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 14 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 12 Dec 2010, 10:06:43 EST