Assessing the sustainability of agriculture at the planning stage

Smith, C.S. and McDonald, G.T. (1997) Assessing the sustainability of agriculture at the planning stage. Journal of environmental management, 52 1: 15-37. doi:10.1006/jema.1997.0162

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Author Smith, C.S.
McDonald, G.T.
Title Assessing the sustainability of agriculture at the planning stage
Journal name Journal of environmental management   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0301-4797
Publication date 1997-07-27
Year available 2002
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1006/jema.1997.0162
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 52
Issue 1
Start page 15
End page 37
Total pages 23
Place of publication London, England
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Subject 2305 Environmental Engineering
2311 Waste Management and Disposal
2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Abstract This paper reviews the current state of knowledge in defining sustainable agriculture within the broader sphere of sustainable development. We conclude that agricultural sustainability encompasses biophysical, economic and social factors operating at the field, farm, watershed, regional and national scales. The immediate challenge is to determine what are sustainable agricultural uses before they are implemented - at the planning stage. The final section outlines a framework within which current land evaluation, environmental impact and strategic environmental assessment approaches to land use planning may be extended, and argues that these approaches must include, from the beginning, sustainability criteria. The framework for integrated sustainability assessment encompasses a mosaic of factors and hierarchy of scales important to agricultural sustainability. The keys to this framework are characterizing sustainability indicator groups and identifying 'threats' to sustainable practice. In this way, the framework can be seen as a guide for unsustainability assessment using indicators.
Keyword Land evaluation
Land use planning
Sustainable agriculture
Sustainable development
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 16 May 2002.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 92 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 116 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 18 Nov 2010, 22:31:33 EST by Dr Carl Smith on behalf of School of Integrative Systems