Developments and perspectives of photobioreactors for biofuel production

Morweiser, Michael, Kruse, Olaf, Hankamer, Ben and Posten, Clemens (2010) Developments and perspectives of photobioreactors for biofuel production. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 87 4: 1291-1301. doi:10.1007/s00253-010-2697-x


Author Morweiser, Michael
Kruse, Olaf
Hankamer, Ben
Posten, Clemens
Title Developments and perspectives of photobioreactors for biofuel production
Journal name Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0175-7598
1432-0614
Publication date 2010-07-01
Year available 2010
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1007/s00253-010-2697-x
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 87
Issue 4
Start page 1291
End page 1301
Total pages 11
Editor Alexander Steinbuechel
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Abstract The production of biofuels from microalgae requires efficient photobioreactors in order to meet the tight constraints of energy efficiency and economic profitability. Current cultivation systems are designed for high-value products rather than for mass production of cheap energy carriers. Future bioreactors will imply innovative solutions in terms of energy efficiency, light and gas transfer or attainable biomass concentration to lower the energy demand and cut down production costs. A new generation of highly developed reactor designs demonstrates the enormous potential of photobioreactors. However, a net energy production with microalgae remains challenging. Therefore, it is essential to review all aspects and production steps for optimization potential. This includes a custom process design according to production organism, desired product and production site. Moreover, the potential of microalgae to synthesize valuable products additionally to the energetic use can be integrated into a production concept as well as waste streams for carbon supply or temperature control.
Formatted abstract
The production of biofuels from microalgae requires efficient photobioreactors in order to meet the tight constraints of energy efficiency and economic profitability. Current cultivation systems are designed for high-value products rather than for mass production of cheap energy carriers. Future bioreactors will imply innovative solutions in terms of energy efficiency, light and gas transfer or attainable biomass concentration to lower the energy demand and cut down production costs. A new generation of highly developed reactor designs demonstrates the enormous potential of photobioreactors. However, a net energy production with microalgae remains challenging. Therefore, it is essential to review all aspects and production steps for optimization potential. This includes a custom process design according to production organism, desired product and production site. Moreover, the potential of microalgae to synthesize valuable products additionally to the energetic use can be integrated into a production concept as well as waste streams for carbon supply or temperature control.
© 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Keyword Biofuels
Light transfer
Mass transfer
Microalgae
Photobioreactor
Renewable energy
Microalgae beat biofuels
Light intensity
Flue gas
Chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
Terrestrial plants
Mass transfer
Solar energy
Biomass
Growth
Photosynthesis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
Institute for Molecular Bioscience - Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 11 Jul 2010, 10:09:10 EST