The contribution of injecting drug users in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane to rising benzodiazepine use in Australia 2000 to 2006

Smith, A, Tett, S and Hall, W (2010) The contribution of injecting drug users in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane to rising benzodiazepine use in Australia 2000 to 2006. Australian And New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34 3: 315-319. doi:10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00533.x


Author Smith, A
Tett, S
Hall, W
Title The contribution of injecting drug users in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane to rising benzodiazepine use in Australia 2000 to 2006
Journal name Australian And New Zealand Journal of Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1326-0200
1753-6405
Publication date 2010-06-01
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00533.x
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 34
Issue 3
Start page 315
End page 319
Total pages 5
Place of publication Richmond, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Language eng
Subject 111503 Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice
920414 Substance Abuse
920410 Mental Health
Formatted abstract
Objective: To determine whether the increased utilisation of benzodiazepines in Australia from 2000 to 2006 could be accounted for by the increased use of benzodiazepines among those who inject heroin
Method: Areas known to have high numbers of injecting drug users, (IDU) in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia were identified. Data were obtained from the Medicare and the Drug Utilization Sub-Committee databases on all benzodiazepines dispensed to concession beneficiaries in the chosen areas and Australia as a whole. The utilisation of benzodiazepines was calculated in defined daily dose per 1000 (DDD/1000) beneficiaries and for IDU/day using the estimated numbers of IDU, from 2000-2006.
Results: The utilisation of benzodiazepines increased by 22% for all Australian concession beneficiaries but in areas with a high proportion of IDU, the utilisation of benzodiazepines decreased.
Conclusions: In areas known to have a high proportion of IDU, the concession beneficiary use of benzodiazepines was estimated to be largely accounted for IDU usage. However, the overall increase in benzodiazepine utilisation by Australian concession beneficiaries from 2000 to 2006 was not primarily driven by use among IDU who only accounted for a small proportion of total benzodiazepines use. Implications: It appears that sub-groups of the populations, other than IDU may be responsible for the increase in benzodiazepine use by concession beneficiaries.
© Public Health Association of Australia.
Keyword Injecting drug users
Benzodiazepines
Australia
Utilisation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Pharmacy Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 20 Jun 2010, 10:08:02 EST