The loss of species: Mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern

Polidoro, Beth A., Carpenter, Kent E., Collins, Lorna, Duke, Norman C., Ellison, Aaron M., Ellison, Joanna C., Farnsworth, Elizabeth J., Fernando, Edwino S., Kathiresan, Kandasamy, Koedam, Nico E., Livingstone, Susan R., Miyagi, Toyohiko, Moore, Gregg E., Vien, Ngoc Nam, Ong, Jin Eong, Primavera, Jurgenne H., Salmo III, Severino G., Sanciangco, Jonnell C., Sukardjo, Sukristijono, Wang, Yamin and Yong, Jean Wan Hong (2010) The loss of species: Mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern. PLoS One, 5 4: e10095-1-e10095-10. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010095


Author Polidoro, Beth A.
Carpenter, Kent E.
Collins, Lorna
Duke, Norman C.
Ellison, Aaron M.
Ellison, Joanna C.
Farnsworth, Elizabeth J.
Fernando, Edwino S.
Kathiresan, Kandasamy
Koedam, Nico E.
Livingstone, Susan R.
Miyagi, Toyohiko
Moore, Gregg E.
Vien, Ngoc Nam
Ong, Jin Eong
Primavera, Jurgenne H.
Salmo III, Severino G.
Sanciangco, Jonnell C.
Sukardjo, Sukristijono
Wang, Yamin
Yong, Jean Wan Hong
Title The loss of species: Mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2010-04-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0010095
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 5
Issue 4
Start page e10095-1
End page e10095-10
Total pages 10
Place of publication San Francisco, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Subject C1
960503 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments
050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
Abstract Mangrove species are uniquely adapted to tropical and subtropical coasts, and although relatively low in number of species, mangrove forests provide at least US $1.6 billion each year in ecosystem services and support coastal livelihoods worldwide. Globally, mangrove areas are declining rapidly as they are cleared for coastal development and aquaculture and logged for timber and fuel production. Little is known about the effects of mangrove area loss on individual mangrove species and local or regional populations. To address this gap, species-specific information on global distribution, population status, life history traits, and major threats were compiled for each of the 70 known species of mangroves. Each species' probability of extinction was assessed under the Categories and Criteria of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Eleven of the 70 mangrove species (16%) are at elevated threat of extinction. Particular areas of geographical concern include the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Central America, where as many as 40% of mangroves species present are threatened with extinction. Across the globe, mangrove species found primarily in the high intertidal and upstream estuarine zones, which often have specific freshwater requirements and patchy distributions, are the most threatened because they are often the first cleared for development of aquaculture and agriculture. The loss of mangrove species will have devastating economic and environmental consequences for coastal communities, especially in those areas with low mangrove diversity and high mangrove area or species loss. Several species at high risk of extinction may disappear well before the next decade if existing protective measures are not enforced. © 2010 Polidoro et al.
Keyword Red list indexes
Conservation
Forests
Biodiversity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article# e10095, pp. 1-10

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Centre for Marine Studies Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 25 Apr 2010, 10:00:53 EST