Thirty years later: Enrichment practices for captive mammals

Hoy, Julia M., Murray, Peter J. and Tribe, Andrew (2010) Thirty years later: Enrichment practices for captive mammals. Zoo Biology, 29 3: 303-316. doi:10.1002/zoo.20254

Author Hoy, Julia M.
Murray, Peter J.
Tribe, Andrew
Title Thirty years later: Enrichment practices for captive mammals
Journal name Zoo Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0733-3188
Publication date 2010-05-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/zoo.20254
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 29
Issue 3
Start page 303
End page 316
Total pages 14
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Language eng
Abstract Environmental enrichment of captive mammals has been steadily evolving over the past thirty years. For this process to continue, it is first necessary to define current enrichment practices and then identify the factors that limit enhancing the quality and quantity of enrichment, as well as the evaluation of its effectiveness. With the objective of obtaining this information, an international multiinstitutional questionnaire survey was conducted with individuals working with zoo-housed mammals. Results of the survey showed that regardless of how important different types of enrichment were perceived to be, if providing them was particularly time-consuming, they were not made available to captive mammals as frequently as those requiring less staff time and effort. The groups of mammals provided with enrichment most frequently received it on average fewer than four times per day, resulting in less than two hours per day spent by each animal care staff member on tasks related to enrichment. The time required for staff to complete other husbandry tasks was the factor most limiting the implementation and evaluation of enrichment. The majority of survey respondents agreed that they would provide more enrichment and carry out more evaluation of enrichment if it was manageable to do so. The results of this study support the need for greater quantity, variety, frequency, and evaluation of enrichment provided to captive mammals housed in zoos without impinging on available staff time. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Keyword Captive mammals
Environmental enrichment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 11 May 2009 May/June issue.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 24 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 12 Apr 2010, 18:59:35 EST by Keryn Eaton on behalf of School of Animal Studies