Behavior Change Interventions Delivered by Mobile Telephone Short-Message Service

Fjeldsoe, Brianna S., Marshall, Alison L. and Miller, Yvette D. (2009) Behavior Change Interventions Delivered by Mobile Telephone Short-Message Service. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36 2: 165-173. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2008.09.040


Author Fjeldsoe, Brianna S.
Marshall, Alison L.
Miller, Yvette D.
Title Behavior Change Interventions Delivered by Mobile Telephone Short-Message Service
Journal name American Journal of Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0749-3797
Publication date 2009-02-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.09.040
Volume 36
Issue 2
Start page 165
End page 173
Total pages 8
Editor F D Scutchfield
Dr. K Patrick
C S Seidman
Place of publication United States
Publisher Elsevier Inc.
Collection year 2010
Language eng
Subject C1
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
97 Expanding Knowledge
Abstract Context The expansion and adoption of new methods of communication provide new opportunities for delivering health behavior change interventions. This paper reviews the current research examining mobile telephone short-message service (SMS) for delivering health behavior change interventions via text messages. This service has wide population reach, can be individually tailored, and allows instant delivery with asynchronous receipt, suggesting potential as a delivery channel for health behavior interventions. Evidence acquisition An electronic database search was conducted for studies published between January 1990 and March 2008. Studies were included in the review if they (1) evaluated an intervention delivered primarily via SMS, (2) assessed change in health behavior using pre–post assessment, and (3) were published in English in a peer-reviewed scientific journal. Evidence synthesis Of 33 studies identified, 14 met the inclusion criteria. Four of the 14 studies reviewed targeted preventive health behaviors (e.g., smoking cessation), and ten focused on clinical care (e.g., diabetes self-management). Positive behavior change outcomes were observed in 13 of the 14 reviewed studies. Intervention initiation (researcher or participant), SMS dialogue initiation, tailoring of SMS content, and interactivity were found to be important features of SMS-delivered interventions. Methodologic issues with current SMS research were also identified. Conclusions This review suggests that SMS-delivered interventions have positive short-term behavioral outcomes. Further research is required to evaluate interventions for preventive health behaviors that incorporate features found to affect behavioral outcomes and participant acceptance. The quality of studies in this emerging field of research needs to improve to allow the full potential of this medium to be explored.
Formatted abstract
Context:
The expansion and adoption of new methods of communication provide new opportunities for delivering health behavior change interventions. This paper reviews the current research examining mobile telephone short-message service (SMS) for delivering health behavior change interventions via text messages. This service has wide population reach, can be individually tailored, and allows instant delivery with asynchronous receipt, suggesting potential as a delivery channel for health behavior interventions.

Evidence acquisition:
An electronic database search was conducted for studies published between January 1990 and March 2008. Studies were included in the review if they (1) evaluated an intervention delivered primarily via SMS, (2) assessed change in health behavior using pre–post assessment, and (3) were published in English in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.

Evidence synthesis:
Of 33 studies identified, 14 met the inclusion criteria. Four of the 14 studies reviewed targeted preventive health behaviors (e.g., smoking cessation), and ten focused on clinical care (e.g., diabetes self-management). Positive behavior change outcomes were observed in 13 of the 14 reviewed studies. Intervention initiation (researcher or participant), SMS dialogue initiation, tailoring of SMS content, and interactivity were found to be important features of SMS-delivered interventions. Methodologic issues with current SMS research were also identified.

Conclusions:
This review suggests that SMS-delivered interventions have positive short-term behavioral outcomes. Further research is required to evaluate interventions for preventive health behaviors that incorporate features found to affect behavioral outcomes and participant acceptance. The quality of studies in this emerging field of research needs to improve to allow the full potential of this medium to be explored.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Additional Notes Article first published online 9th January, 2009. Published in print February, 2009.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 30 Mar 2010, 22:59:04 EST by Lucy O'Brien on behalf of School of Psychology