Synthesis of rutile-anatase core-shell structured TiO2 for photocatalysis

Liu, G., Yan, X., Chen, Z., Wang, X., Wang, L., Lu, G. Q. and Cheng, H. M. (2009) Synthesis of rutile-anatase core-shell structured TiO2 for photocatalysis. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 19 36: 6590-6596. doi:10.1039/b902666e

Author Liu, G.
Yan, X.
Chen, Z.
Wang, X.
Wang, L.
Lu, G. Q.
Cheng, H. M.
Title Synthesis of rutile-anatase core-shell structured TiO2 for photocatalysis
Journal name Journal of Materials Chemistry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0959-9428
Publication date 2009-07-09
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1039/b902666e
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 19
Issue 36
Start page 6590
End page 6596
Total pages 7
Editor Stanier, C.
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Royal Society of Materials Chemistry
Language eng
Subject C1
100708 Nanomaterials
970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Abstract The crystal phases, surface states and hydroxyl groups of TiO2 can intrinsically determine its performance in the applications of photocatalysis and dye-sensitized solar cells. Here we developed a unique rutile-anatase core-shell structured nanocrystalline TiO2 with controlled surface states and hydroxyl groups for photocatalytic applications via a simple phase conversion method, where the semi-crystalline TiO2 embedded in the caramelized sucrose matrix following the hydrothermal process was first converted to a composite of TiOxCy/C by calcining in a nitrogen atmosphere, and this composite was subsequently converted to TiO2 by calcining in an oxygen atmosphere. It was found that the rutile phase exists within anatase particles, and the depth of rutile core in the anatase shell particles can be tuned by adjusting the thickness of TiOxCy (x < y) and TiOxCy (x > y) in the precursor composite TiOxCy/C simply through changing the calcination temperature. More interestingly, the amount of surface adsorbed water and hydroxyl groups and the abundance of surface states in such core-shell structured TiO2 can be controlled by changing the size of the rutile and anatase phases. Finally, photocatalytic degradation reaction as an example clearly demonstrates the substantial role of the surface states in determining photocatalytic activity of the TiO2 in desired applications.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

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Created: Sun, 28 Mar 2010, 21:49:54 EST by Celestien Warnaar-Notschaele on behalf of Aust Institute for Bioengineering & Nanotechnology