Hepatitis B and dialysis

Edey, M, Barraclough, K and Johnson, DW (2010) Hepatitis B and dialysis. Nephrology, 15 2: 137-145. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1797.2009.01268.x

Author Edey, M
Barraclough, K
Johnson, DW
Title Hepatitis B and dialysis
Journal name Nephrology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1320-5358
Publication date 2010-03-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2009.01268.x
Volume 15
Issue 2
Start page 137
End page 145
Total pages 9
Place of publication Richmond, Vic., Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Language eng
Abstract The incidence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in dialysis populations has declined over recent decades, largely because of improvements in infection control and widespread implementation of HBV vaccination. Regardless, outbreaks of infection continue to occur in dialysis units, and prevalence rates remain unacceptably high. For a variety of reasons, dialysis patients are at increased risk of acquiring HBV. They also demonstrate different disease manifestations compared with healthy individuals and are more likely to progress to chronic carriage. This paper will review the epidemiology, modes of transmission and diagnosis of HBV in this population. Prevention and treatment will be discussed, with a specific focus on strategies to improve vaccination response, new therapeutic options and selection of patients for therapy. © 2010 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation.
Keyword End-stage renal failure
Environmental transmission
Hepatitis B
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 23 December 2009. Published under Review Articles.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
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Created: Sun, 21 Mar 2010, 10:02:13 EST