Analysis of environmental efficiency variation

Reinhard, Stijn, Lovell, C. A. Knox and Thijssen, Geert (2001) Analysis of environmental efficiency variation. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 84 4: 1054-1065. doi:10.1111/1467-8276.00053

Author Reinhard, Stijn
Lovell, C. A. Knox
Thijssen, Geert
Title Analysis of environmental efficiency variation
Journal name American Journal of Agricultural Economics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0002-9092
Publication date 2001-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1467-8276.00053
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 84
Issue 4
Start page 1054
End page 1065
Total pages 12
Editor Agricultural and Applied Economics Association
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Agricultural and Applied Economics Association
Language eng
Subject 14 Economics
1402 Applied Economics
140201 Agricultural Economics
Abstract In this article, we develop and implement a methodology for analyzing the sources of variation in environmental efficiency across producers. We formulate a two-stage model. In the first stage, we use stochastic frontier analysis to estimate both technical and environmental efficiency. In the second stage, we again use stochastic frontier analysis to regress estimated environmental efficiency scores against a variety of technology, physical environment, and management variables. In this stage we estimate the impact of each explanatory variable on environmental efficiency, and we derive conditional estimates of environmental efficiency from the one-sided error component. We illustrate our methodology with an empirical application to a panel of Dutch dairy farms. We find evidence of relatively low levels of environmental efficiency, and we find that environmental efficiency can be improved through a number of policy options, including the provision of farmers with more insight into the nutrient balance of their farms.
Keyword Agriculture - U. S. A
Stochastic frontier analysis
Environmental efficiency
Technological impacts
Physical impacts
Environmental impacts
Nitrogen surplus
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Former title of journal: Journal of farm economics

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Faculty of Business, Economics and Law -- Publications
Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 33 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 25 Jan 2010, 21:32:54 EST by Rosalind Blair on behalf of Faculty of Business, Economics & Law