Estimating the net effects of migration and remittances on poverty and inequality: comparison of Fiji and Tonga

Brown, Richard P.C. and Jimenez, Eliana (2008) Estimating the net effects of migration and remittances on poverty and inequality: comparison of Fiji and Tonga. Journal of International Development, 20 4: 547-571. doi:10.1002/jid.1474


Author Brown, Richard P.C.
Jimenez, Eliana
Title Estimating the net effects of migration and remittances on poverty and inequality: comparison of Fiji and Tonga
Journal name Journal of International Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0954-1748
1099-1328
Publication date 2008-05-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/jid.1474
Volume 20
Issue 4
Start page 547
End page 571
Total pages 25
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Language eng
Subject 140202 Economic Development and Growth
140210 International Economics and International Finance
140219 Welfare Economics
140301 Cross-Sectional Analysis
1117 Public Health and Health Services
11 Medical and Health Sciences
Abstract We use original 2005 household survey data from Fiji and Tonga to estimate the impact of migration and remittances on income distribution and measures of poverty. Measures of inequality and poverty based on observed, with-migration income and remittances are then compared with those based on two without-migration and remittances scenarios; one in which remittances are treated simplistically as an exogenous addition to household income, and another in which counterfactual household incomes are estimated, taking account of what the migrant members would have earned had they not migrated. The estimated effects of remittances on poverty alleviation were found to be stronger when the more rigorous, counterfactual income estimates are used, but their effect on income inequality was found to be ambiguous. The extent to which migration and remittances alleviate poverty was also found to be more substantial in Tonga, the country with a much longer migration history and higher remittance dependence. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Keyword Poverty
Fiji
Tonga
JEL classification: F22 • F24 • I32 • O15
Migration
Remittances
Inequality
Income distribution
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Additional Notes Published Online: 29 Apr 2008

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 21 Dec 2009, 20:57:31 EST by Rosalind Blair on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences