Pathways and outcomes of psychiatric care: does it depend on who you are, or what you've got?

Kisely, Steve, Preston, Neil and Rooney, Mark (2000) Pathways and outcomes of psychiatric care: does it depend on who you are, or what you've got?. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34 6: 1009-1014. doi:10.1080/000486700277

Author Kisely, Steve
Preston, Neil
Rooney, Mark
Title Pathways and outcomes of psychiatric care: does it depend on who you are, or what you've got?
Journal name Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-8674
Publication date 2000-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/000486700277
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 34
Issue 6
Start page 1009
End page 1014
Total pages 6
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives. To investigate predictors of outcome and cost for patients treated by Mental Health Services in the south metropolitan area of Perth using logistic regression to control for potential confounding factors.

Method. Data were collected over a 3-month period on 2691 subjects (47% male, 53% female) as part of the Mental Health Classification and Services Cost Project.

Results. The average age of subjects was 44.3 years. Nearly 80% of care occurred in community settings and virtually all inpatient care was for acute emergencies. The most common diagnosis was schizophrenia (33%) followed by mood disorders (30%). Within the study period, 88% of patients had only one episode of care (n = 2361) and a further 8% two (n = 223). Patients with schizophrenia were one-third as likely to be discharged from care (95% Cl = 0.2-0.4) and 30% as likely to have longer episodes of care (95% Cl = 1.1-1.6). Patients with personality, substance or adjustment disorders spent less time in treatment, and those with personality or substance disorders were more likely to be discharged from psychiatric care. A past history of inpatient care was associated with a worse outcome in terms of length of care, or not being successfully discharged. Severity of illness as determined by involuntary treatment or elevated Health of the Nation Outcome Scales and Life Skills Profile (LSP) scores was associated with increased costs. Greater disability on the LSP was also associated with increased length of care. Sociodemographic factors were as least as important as diagnosis in predicting the cost and outcome of treatment.

Conclusions. Demographic factors may better predict increased health service use than diagnostic casemix. Since sociodemographic variables contribute as much to outcome as diagnosis, comparing results between units is likely to be misleading unless adjusted for these factors.
Keyword Care pathways
Psychiatric outcomes
Standardised costs
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 15 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 18 Nov 2009, 22:20:44 EST