Double standards in US warfare: Exploring the historical legacy of civilian protection and the complex nature of the moral-legal nexus

Kaempf, S. (2009) Double standards in US warfare: Exploring the historical legacy of civilian protection and the complex nature of the moral-legal nexus. Review of International Studies, 35 3: 651-674. doi:10.1017/S0260210509008699


Author Kaempf, S.
Title Double standards in US warfare: Exploring the historical legacy of civilian protection and the complex nature of the moral-legal nexus
Journal name Review of International Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0260-2105
1469-9044
Publication date 2009-01-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S0260210509008699
Volume 35
Issue 3
Start page 651
End page 674
Total pages 24
Editor Nick Rengger
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Language eng
Subject 360105 International Relations
C1
750700 International Relations
9403 International Relations
160607 International Relations
Abstract This article investigates how – by breaking with the historical double standards regarding civilian protection in conflicts – by the end of the twentieth century, US warfare has come to comply with International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Yet, civilians are still being killed. This has sparked controversies over what constitutes legitimate targeting practices and as to whether higher levels of civilian protection could be achieved. Through an engagement with these debates, including an exploration of the evolution of the norm of non-combatant immunity with specific reference to US warfare, the article argues that IHL does not provide fully satisfactory answers to these issues as it is too permissive in relation to the killing of civilians. The article proposes that more stringent moral guidelines, such as those underpinning the idea of ‘due care’, have the potential to go much further in providing protection for the innocent in war.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Political Science and International Studies Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 18 Sep 2009, 20:48:04 EST by Elmari Louise Whyte on behalf of School of Political Science & Internat'l Studies