Weak, strong, and coherent regimes of Frohlich condensation and their applications to terahertz medicine and quantum consciousness

Reimers, Jeffrey R., McKemmish, Laura K., McKenzie, Ross H., Mark, Alan E. and Hush, Noel S. (2009) Weak, strong, and coherent regimes of Frohlich condensation and their applications to terahertz medicine and quantum consciousness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, 106 11: 4219-4224. doi:10.1073/pnas.0806273106


Author Reimers, Jeffrey R.
McKemmish, Laura K.
McKenzie, Ross H.
Mark, Alan E.
Hush, Noel S.
Title Weak, strong, and coherent regimes of Frohlich condensation and their applications to terahertz medicine and quantum consciousness
Formatted title
Weak, strong, and coherent regimes of Fröhlich condensation and their applications to terahertz medicine and quantum consciousness
Journal name Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0027-8424
1091-6490
Publication date 2009-03-17
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1073/pnas.0806273106
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 106
Issue 11
Start page 4219
End page 4224
Total pages 6
Editor Mark A. Ratner
Nicholas R. Cozzarelli
Place of publication Washington, DC, U.S.A.
Publisher National Academy of Sciences
Language eng
Subject C1
060112 Structural Biology (incl. Macromolecular Modelling)
970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Formatted abstract
In 1968, Fröhlich showed that a driven set of oscillators can condense with nearly all of the supplied energy activating the vibrational mode of lowest frequency. This is a remarkable property usually compared with Bose–Einstein condensation, superconductivity, lasing, and other unique phenomena involving macroscopic quantum coherence. However, despite intense research, no unambiguous example has been documented. We determine the most likely experimental signatures of Fröhlich condensation and show that they are significant features remote from the extraordinary properties normally envisaged. Fröhlich condensates are classified into 3 types: weak condensates in which profound effects on chemical kinetics are possible, strong condensates in which an extremely large amount of energy is channeled into 1 vibrational mode, and coherent condensates in which this energy is placed in a single quantum state. Coherent condensates are shown to involve extremely large energies, to not be produced by the Wu–Austin dynamical Hamiltonian that provides the simplest depiction of Fröhlich condensates formed using mechanically supplied energy, and to be extremely fragile. They are inaccessible in a biological environment. Hence the Penrose–Hameroff orchestrated objective-reduction model and related theories for cognitive function that embody coherent Fröhlich condensation as an essential element are untenable. Weak condensates, however, may have profound effects on chemical and enzyme kinetics, and may be produced from biochemical energy or from radio frequency, microwave, or terahertz radiation. Pokorný's observed 8.085-MHz microtubulin resonance is identified as a possible candidate, with microwave reactors (green chemistry) and terahertz medicine appearing as other feasible sources.
Keyword Cognitive function
Coherence
Microwave reactor
Orchestrated objective reduction
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 18:28:20 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Mathematics & Physics