Measurements and modelling of the advection of suspended sediment in the swash zone by solitary waves

Alsina, Jose M., Falchetti, Silvia and Baldock, Tom E. (2009) Measurements and modelling of the advection of suspended sediment in the swash zone by solitary waves. Coastal Engineering, 56 5-6: 621-631. doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2009.01.007


Author Alsina, Jose M.
Falchetti, Silvia
Baldock, Tom E.
Title Measurements and modelling of the advection of suspended sediment in the swash zone by solitary waves
Journal name Coastal Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-3839
1872-7379
Publication date 2009-05-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2009.01.007
Open Access Status
Volume 56
Issue 5-6
Start page 621
End page 631
Total pages 11
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 0905 Civil Engineering
960902 Coastal and Estuarine Land Management
C1
Abstract Novel laboratory experiments and numerical modelling have been performed to study the advection scales of suspended sediment in the swash zone. An experiment was designed specifically to measure only the sediment picked up seaward of the swash zone and during bore collapse. The advection scales and settling of this sediment were measured during the uprush along a rigid sediment-free beach face by a sediment trap located at varying cross-shore positions. Measurements were made using a number of repeated solitary broken waves or bores. Approximately 25% of the pre-suspended sediment picked up by the bores reaches the mid-swash zone (50% of the horizontal run-up distance), indicating the importance of the sediment advection in the lower swash zone. The pre-suspended sediment is sourced from a region seaward of the shoreline (still water line) which has a width of about 20% of the run-up distance. An Eulerian-Lagrangian numerical model is used to model the advection scales of the suspended sediment. The model resolves the hydrodynamics by solving the non-linear shallow water equations in an Eulerian framework and then solves the advection-diffusion equation for turbulence and suspended sediment in a Lagrangian framework. The model provides good estimates of the measured mass and distribution of sediment advected up the beach face. The results suggest that the correct modelling of turbulence generation prior to and during bore collapse and the advection of the turbulent kinetic energy into the lower swash is important in resolving the contribution of pre-suspended sediment to the net sediment transport in the swash zone. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keyword Swash zone
Wave run-up
Sediment advection
Pre-suspended sediment
Lagrangian modelling
Bore turbulence
Advection–diffusion
Sediment concentration
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID ref. EX20060142
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 18:16:47 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Civil Engineering