Food groups and risk of forearm fractures in postmenopausal women in Chengdu, China

Xu, L., Dibley, M., D'Este, C., Phillips, M., Porteous, J. and Attia, J. (2009) Food groups and risk of forearm fractures in postmenopausal women in Chengdu, China. Climacteric, 12 3: 222-229. doi:10.1080/13697130802626958


Author Xu, L.
Dibley, M.
D'Este, C.
Phillips, M.
Porteous, J.
Attia, J.
Title Food groups and risk of forearm fractures in postmenopausal women in Chengdu, China
Journal name Climacteric   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1369-7137
1473-0804
Publication date 2009-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/13697130802626958
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 12
Issue 3
Start page 222
End page 229
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Language eng
Subject 2729 Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Abstract Background Forearm fractures are a major cause of disability in postmenopausal women. However, no prior report on the relationship of dietary patterns and forearm fracture in mainland China is available and the results from Western studies may not be applicable to the Chinese population. Objective To determine whether food groups are associated with the risk of forearm fracture among postmenopausal women in China. Design Casecontrol study. Methods Cases were 209 postmenopausal women aged 5070 years with new forearm fractures, identified in hospitals in Chengdu. Controls were age- and district-matched subjects randomly selected from the community of Chengdu. Dietary habits and food group intake were measured by a structured food frequency questionnaire. Results The dietary pattern in Chinese postmenopausal women was of high intakes of cereals, vegetables, fruits, beans or bean products, but lower intakes of meat and milk. The estimated odds ratios 95 confidence intervals for forearm fracture were 0.53 0.420.67 for each quintile increase in vegetable intake, 0.73 0.590.92 for each quintile increase in cereal intake, and 0.26 0.140.48 in subjects who met World Health Organization WHO dietary recommendations for vegetables and fruits. Conclusions This is the first report indicating that the levels of vegetable and cereal intake, and that meeting WHO recommendations for vegetable and fruit intake, are associated with a decrease in the risk of forearm fractures in Chinese postmenopausal women.
Formatted abstract
Background Forearm fractures are a major cause of disability in postmenopausal women. However, no prior report on the relationship of dietary patterns and forearm fracture in mainland China is available and the results from Western studies may not be applicable to the Chinese population.
Objective To determine whether food groups are associated with the risk of forearm fracture among postmenopausal women in China.
Design Case–control study.
Methods Cases were 209 postmenopausal women aged 50–70 years with new forearm fractures, identified in hospitals in Chengdu. Controls were age- and district-matched subjects randomly selected from the community of Chengdu. Dietary habits and food group intake were measured by a structured food frequency questionnaire.
Results The dietary pattern in Chinese postmenopausal women was of high intakes of cereals, vegetables, fruits, beans or bean products, but lower intakes of meat and milk. The estimated odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for forearm fracture were 0.53 (0.42–0.67) for each quintile increase in vegetable intake, 0.73 (0.59–0.92) for each quintile increase in cereal intake, and 0.26 (0.14–0.48) in subjects who met World Health Organization (WHO) dietary recommendations for vegetables and fruits.
Conclusions This is the first report indicating that the levels of vegetable and cereal intake, and that meeting WHO recommendations for vegetable and fruit intake, are associated with a decrease in the risk of forearm fractures in Chinese postmenopausal women.
Keyword China
Dietary pattern
Forearm fracture
Postmenopausal
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Centre for Military and Veterans' Health Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 12 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 13 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 18:10:22 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of Centre for Australian Military & Veterans' Health